A Study on Abdominal Obesity at Basra University Staffs
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 69-73
Received: Feb. 3, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 3, 2017; Published: Mar. 27, 2017
Views 1956      Downloads 113
Authors
Sajjad S. Issa, Community Medicine, Department of Basics of Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
Samira M. Ibrahim, Community Medicine, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
Abdulameer A. Al-Mussawi, General Surgery, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
A descriptive cross- sectional study was designed involving Basra university staff for the study of abdominal obesity. The university of Basra had two location: karmet Ali (108 samples ) and Bab Alzubiar (158 samples ), A randomly selected sample was taken from a list of the college, from the selected college we were chosen staff randomly. The total number of the selected college was 10, were all the departments in that colleges was included and the total number selected of staff was 266, from them were females 146 and 120 males. The demographic data has been obtained from each person in the study, The working team was asked to measure the height, weight, waist circumference and Random Blood Sugar for each selected sample, using a weight and height scale, tape measure and portable blood sugar measurement instrument.(SPSS), Version17 was utilized for the purpose for statistical analysis of the data. The results was 45% was males and 55% was females, BMI: 19.5% had healthy weight, 36.8% were overweight, 27.8 were obese, 12% were severely obese, 3.8% were morbidly obese, 43.6% of the sample were obese. 37.5% of the males were obese and 48.63% of the females were obese.30.8% carried positive history of obesity and 36.8% of the sample was practicing sport exercise, 87.6% were having normal blood sugar while 12.4% were having abnormal blood sugar (diabetics), 18% of the females had normal waist circumference and 47.5% of the males had normal waist circumference, that is mean 87% of the female had abdominal obesity and 52.5% of the males had abdominal obesity. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 31.57%, high significant correlation between waist circumference and gender, significant correlation between BMI and practicing exercise and there is highly significant correlation between BMI and positive history of obesity in the family. high significant relationship between body weight and waist circumference and high significant relation between waist circumference and history of obesity, significant relation between waist circumference and number of daily meals and high significant relation between waist circumference and random blood sugar.
Keywords
Obesity, Abdominal, University Staffs
To cite this article
Sajjad S. Issa, Samira M. Ibrahim, Abdulameer A. Al-Mussawi, A Study on Abdominal Obesity at Basra University Staffs, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 69-73. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20170603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
World Health Organization. Obesity and overweight. Fact sheet Number 311. September 2006. Accessed January 25, 2012.
[2]
Gallagher D, Visser M, Sepulveda D, Pierson RN, Harris T, Heymsfield SB. How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fatness across age, sex, and ethnic groups? Am J Epidemiol. 1996; 143:228–39.
[3]
Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan MJ, et al. National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9•1 million participants. Lancet. 2011; 377:557–67.
[4]
Kelly T, Yang W, Chen CS, Reynolds K, He J. Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030. Int.J.Obes. (Lond). 2008; 32:1431–7.
[5]
James WPT, Jackson-Leach R, Ni Mhurchu C, et al. Chapter 8: Overweight and obesity (high body mass index). In: Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Murray CJL, eds. Comparative quantification of health risks: Global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2004.
[6]
Adams KF, Schatzkin A, Harris TB, et al. Overweight, obesity, and mortality in a large prospective cohort of persons 50 to 71 years old. N Engl J Med. 2006; 355:763–78.
[7]
Manson JE, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, et al. Body weight and mortality among women. N Engl J Med. 1995; 333:677–85
[8]
Klein, S. et al. Absence of an effect of liposuction on insulin action and risk factors for coronary heart disease. New England Journal of Medicine. Vol. 350(25): 2549-2557.
[9]
Ohlson LO, Larsson B, Svardsudd K, et al. The influence of body fat distribution on the incidence of diabetes mellitus. 13.5 years of follow-up of the participants in the study of men born in 1913. Diabetes. 1985;34:1055-8.
[10]
Larsson B, Svardsudd K, Welin L, Wilhelmsen L, Bjorntorp P, Tibblin G. Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow up of participants in the study of men born in 1913. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1984; 288:1401-4.
[11]
Grummer-Strawn LM, Reinold C, Krebs NF. Use of World Health Organization and CDC growth charts for children aged 0-59 months in the United States. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010; 59:1–15.
[12]
Monasta L, Lobstein T, Cole TJ, Vignerová J, Cattaneo A. Defining overweight and obesity in pre-school children: IOTF reference or WHO standard? Obes Rev. 2011; 12:295-300.
[13]
Zhang C, Rexrode KM, van Dam RM, Li TY, Hu FB. Abdominal obesity and the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: sixteen years of follow-up in US women. Circulation. 2008; 117:1658–67.
[14]
Deepa M, Farooq S, Deepa R, Manjula D, Mohan V, Prevalence and significance of generalized and central body obesity in an urban Asian Indian population in Chennai,India, Eur J ClinNutr.2009 Feb;63(2):259-67. Epub 2007 Oct 10.
[15]
De Silva AP1, De Silva SH2, Haniffa R3, et al. A cross sectional survey on social, cultural and economic determinants of obesity in a low middle income setting. Int J Equity Health. 2015 Jan 17; 14:6. doi: 10.1186/s12939-015-0140-8.
[16]
García-Alvarez A1, Serra-Majem L, Ribas-Barba L, et al Obesity and overweight trends in Catalonia, Spain (1992-2003): gender and socio-economic determinants. Public Health Nutr. 2007 Nov; 10(11A):1368-78.
[17]
Hajian-Tilaki KO1, Heidari B., Prevalence of obesity, central obesity and the associated factors in urban population aged 20-70 years, in the north of Iran: a population-based study and regression approach.Obes Rev. 2007 Jan; 8(1):3-10.
[18]
Deurenberg P1, Hautvast JG. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in The Netherlands in relation to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle and eating behavior: starting points for the prevention and treatment of obesity. BiblNutrDieta. 1989; (44):8-21.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186