Please enter verification code
Assessment of Community Awareness Towards Zoonotic Tuberculosis in West Shoa, Ethiopia
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 37-42
Received: Jul. 20, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 23, 2016; Published: Mar. 4, 2017
Views 2192      Downloads 150
Berhanu Temesgen, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Moa Melaku Shigut, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Tilahun Bekele Hailemariam, School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Eshetu Chali, Parasitology Department, Bedelle Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Bedelle, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
A questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2015 to April, 2016 to assess awareness of the community towards the zoonotic importance of bovine tuberculosis in Bako town and its surrounding villages. About 480 randomly selected human populations were interviewed. Awareness of respondents about zoonotic importance of bovine tuberculosis has significantly different in different categories of the variables including educational level (p=0.001), occupation (p=0.007) and age (p=0.041) of the respondents. 58.1% (280) of population have a knowledge of zoonotic tuberculosis transmission through consumption of raw milk, whereas 7.9% (38), 4.4% (21) and 9.2% (44) aware only zoonotictuberculosis transmission through uncooked meat, inhalation and contact, respectively. However, 20.2% (97) of respondents were having no awarenesson the transmission routes of zoonotic TB. From the respondents, 63 (13.1%) were consume raw milk, even though most of the participants (170, 59%) were consuming boiled milk. Those consume both raw and boiled milk were accounted for 58 (20.1%). The ways of community milk usage was significantly different in different types of respondent’s occupation and in different districts (p=0.000). This study indicates that the community awareness about zoonotic tuberculosis and its means of transmission was very low. Therefore, it necessitates detail study on epidemiological and socioeconomic significance of the disease in the community so as for effective implementation of TB control and prevention measures.
Bovine, Epidemiology, Cross Sectional, Tuberculosis, Transmission
To cite this article
Berhanu Temesgen, Moa Melaku Shigut, Tilahun Bekele Hailemariam, Eshetu Chali, Assessment of Community Awareness Towards Zoonotic Tuberculosis in West Shoa, Ethiopia, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2017, pp. 37-42. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20170602.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Mbugiand EV, Katale BZ, Kendall S, Good L, Kibiki GS, Keyyu JD, Godfrey-Faussett P, Helden P, Matee MI (2012). Tuberculosis cross-species transmission in Tanzania towards a One-Health concept. J. Vet. Res. 79: 1-6.
Buncic S (2006). Integrated Food Safety and Veterinary Public Health. 1st ed. CABI, London, UK. Pp 61.
Amanfu W (2006). The situation of tuberculosis and tuberculosis control in animals of economic interest. Tub. J. 86: 330-335.
OIE (2010). Bovine tuberculosis in Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. World Organization for Animal Health, Pp 683-698.
Tenguria KR, Khan FN, Quereshi S, Pandey A (2011). Review Article Epidemiological Study of Zoonotic Tuberculosis Complex (ZTBC). Wor J ScTec. 1: 31-56.
Palmer MV, Thacker TC, Waters WR, Gort CA, Corner LA (2012). Mycobacterium bovis a Model Pathogen at the Interface of Livestock, Wildlife, and Humans. Vet MedInt 1: 17.
Ashford DA, Whitney E, Raghunathan P, Cosivi O (2001). Epidemiology of selected mycobacterium that infects humans and other animals. Rev ScTec Off Int Epiz. 20: 105-112.
Regassa A, Medhin G, Ameni G (2008). Bovine tuberculosis is more prevalent in cattle owned by farmers with active tuberculosis in central Ethiopia. Vet J. 178: 119-125.
Firdessa R, Tschopp R, Wubete A, Sombo M, Hailu E. (2012). High Prevalence of Bovine Tuberculosis in Dairy Cattle in Central Ethiopia: Implications for the Dairy Industry and Public Health. PLo SONE. 7: 52851.
Ayele WY, Neill SD, Zinsstag J, Weiss MG and Pavlik I (2004). Bovine tuberculosis, an old disease but a new threat to Africa. IntJ Tub. 8: 924-937.
Girmay G, Pal M, Deneke Y, Weldesilasse G, Equar Y. (2012). Prevalence and public health importance of bovine tuberculosis in and around Mekelle town, Ethiopia. Int. J. Liv. Res. 2: 180-188.
Cosivi O, Grange JM, Dabron CJ, Raviglione MC, Fujikura T, Cousins D, Robinson RA, Huchzermeyer HF, de Kantor I, Meslin FX (1998). Zoonotic tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis in developing countries. EmeInfeDis vol. 4: 1-17.
Pavlik I, Ayele WY, Parmova I, Melicharek I, Hanz- likova M, Kormendy B, Nagy G, Cvetnic Z, Ocepek M, Fejzic N, Lipiec M (2002). Incidence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle in seven Central European countries during the years. Vet. Med. 47: 45-51.
Ndukum JA, Kudi AC, Bradley G, Ane-Anyangwe IN, Fon-Tebug S, Tchoumboue J (2010). Prevalence of Bovine Tuberculosis in Abattoirs of the Littoral and Western Highland Regions of Cameroon: A Cause for Public Health Concern. Veterinary Medicine International.
Tolasa D, Girmay M and Mengistu L (2014). Community knowledge, attitude, and practices towards tuberculosis in Shinile town, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC. Pub. H. 14: 804.
Jango B, Mengistu L and Girmay M (2013). Community’s knowledge, attitudes and practices about tuberculosis in Itang Special District, Gambella Region, South Western Ethiopia. BMC. Pub. H. 13: 734.
Abraham HK, Dessalegn S, MA, Pal M (2014). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Human and Bovine Tuberculosis among High School Students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Int. J. Liv. Res. 5: 42-57.
Ameni G, Amenu K, Tibbo M. (2003). Bovine tuberculosis: Prevalence and risk factor assessment in cattle and cattle owners in Wuchale-Jida district, Central Ethiopia. Inte. J. Ap. Res. Vet. Med. 1: 1-13.
Ameni G. and Erkihun A (2007). Bovine tuberculosis and farmers’ awareness in small-scale dairy farms in Adama Town. Rev. Sci. Tech. O. Inte. Ep. 26: 711-719.
Gebremedhin R, Gebremedhin G, Gobena A (2014). Assessment of Bovine Tuberculosis and Its Risk Factors in Cattle and Humans at and around Dilla Town, Southern Ethiopia. Ani Vet Sci Vol 2: 94-100.
Andersen P (1997). A review on host responses and antigens involved in protective immunity to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Scan JIm. 45: 115-131.
SNV (2008). Dairy Investment Opportunities in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa: The Netherlands Development Organization, Pp. 1-48.
Stewart WC, Champion J, McMenamin J, Young D, Browning LM, Johnston F, Reilly WJ (2005). Twenty years of Mycobacterium bovis infection in people and cattle in Scotland.
Tigre W, Alemayehu G, Abetu T, Deressa B. (2011). Preliminary Study on Public Health Implication of Bovine Tuberculosis in Jimma Town, South Western Ethiopia. Global. Vet. 6: 369-373.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186