Prevalence of Anaemia in Pregnancy Among Women Visiting Antenatal Clinic in Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos, Nigeria
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 52-62
Received: May 6, 2016; Accepted: May 18, 2016; Published: May 30, 2016
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Authors
Bassi Amos Paul, Dept. of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Idoko Lucy, Dept. of Community Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Dibigbo-Ibeaji Ndudi Mary, Dept. of Haematology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Adeniyi Olusegun Godwin, Dept. of Haematology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Ramyil Mamzhi-Crown Seljul, Dept. of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Ogundeko Timothy Olugbenga, Dept. of Medical Microbiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Pisagih James Kurgnan, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Offiah Valeria Nneka, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Olorunfunmi Joshua Seye, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Amuta Wilson Ehi, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Alu Vivian Ojoma, Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bingham University, Jos, Nigeria
Ajala Ese Kate, Dept. of Laboratory Services, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Olorundare Olufunke Olufunmilola, Dept. of Pests Management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
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Abstract
In developing countries such as Nigeria, anaemia in pregnancy is thought to be one of the most common problem affecting pregnant women accounting for a significant level of maternal morbidity and mortality. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy among women visiting Antenatal Clinic (ANC) in Bingham University Teaching Hospital (BHUTH). This is a cross sectional descriptive study conducted from August to September, 2015 on two hundred and thirty seven (237) women. A semi–structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to obtain socio-demographic, obstetrics, and nutritional information from the respondent pregnant women who consented at each antenatal clinic days (Mondays and Thursdays). Packed cell volume was used to assess the level of anaemia in accordance to WHO guide lines. The prevalence of anaemia in pregnancy was found to be 43.5%, amongst all women who were anaemic, 83%, 8.7% and 2% were found to have mild, moderate and severe anaemia respectively. However, 0.9%, 35%, 52% of these women were found to be in their first, second and third trimesters respectively. 61% were multi-parous women (para 2-4); 24.3% women had only two antenatal clinic visits, 66.2% women were within the age group of 34–39 years; 89.3% women had been taking balanced diet, while 89.3% women were on their routine drugs; 66.0% women used insecticide treated mosquito net; 66.0% women had taken anti-malarial prophylaxis. Reduced ANC visits and increasing age where significant factors associated with anaemia in pregnancy. Prevalence of anaemia amongst pregnant women in BHUTH was 43.5%. The most common type of anaemia in this study is mild anaemia. However, the prevalence of anaemia was found to predominate amongst women in their third trimester. Increased maternal age and reduced number of antenatal care visits were statistically significant factors to be associated with anaemia in pregnancy.
Keywords
Anaemia, Pregnant Women, Antenatal Clinic, Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Gestational Age, Parity
To cite this article
Bassi Amos Paul, Idoko Lucy, Dibigbo-Ibeaji Ndudi Mary, Adeniyi Olusegun Godwin, Ramyil Mamzhi-Crown Seljul, Ogundeko Timothy Olugbenga, Pisagih James Kurgnan, Offiah Valeria Nneka, Olorunfunmi Joshua Seye, Amuta Wilson Ehi, Alu Vivian Ojoma, Ajala Ese Kate, Olorundare Olufunke Olufunmilola, Prevalence of Anaemia in Pregnancy Among Women Visiting Antenatal Clinic in Bingham University Teaching Hospital Jos, Nigeria, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 52-62. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20160503.17
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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