Comparison of Various Plastics Wastes Using X-ray Fluorescence
American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 24-27
Received: Mar. 14, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017; Published: Apr. 24, 2017
Views 1847      Downloads 116
Faten Adel Ismael Chaqmaqchee, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koy Sanjaq, Iraq
Amera Ghareeb Baker, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koy Sanjaq, Iraq
Najeba Farhad Salih, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, Koy Sanjaq, Iraq
Article Tools
Follow on us
Plastics production is increased recently due to their various applications such as construction, electronic, packaging and others. The rising in plastics demand lead to developed of recycling and energy recovery method to control plastic wastes. Recycling process is needs to be arranged according to resins, colors and transparency of all plastics. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) was developed for the determination of the chemical composition in different plastics materials (with resin identification code) of PETE (1) or PET (01), HDPE (2) or PE-HD (02), V (3) or PVC (03), LDPE (4) or PE-LD, PP (5) or PP (06), PS (6) or PS (06) and Others (7) or O (07). XRF was measured elements such as Si, S, Cl, Fr, Ca, Ti, V, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Kr, Zr, Nb, Mo and Nb in both kα and kβ lines, where PP with high percentage in both PET and PVC plastics, which is highly hazardous. In addition, chemical compositions in percentages were detected for various plastics materials.
Plastics, XRF, Energy, Quantitative Analysis, Elements
To cite this article
Faten Adel Ismael Chaqmaqchee, Amera Ghareeb Baker, Najeba Farhad Salih, Comparison of Various Plastics Wastes Using X-ray Fluorescence, American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 24-27. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmsp.20170202.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
R. C. Thompson, C. J. Moore, F. S. vom Saal, S. H. Swan, “Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends,” Philos. Trans R Soc B, vol. 364, pp. 2153-2166, 2009.
F. de Clippel, M. Dusselier, R. Van Rompaey, P. Vanelderen, J. Dijkmans, E. Makshina, L. Giebeler, S. Oswald, G. V. Baron, J. F. Denayer, P. P. Pescarmona, P. A. Jacobs, B. F. Sels, “Fast and selective sugar conversion to alkyl lactate and lactic acid with bifunctional carbon-silica catalysts,” J Am Chem Soc, vol. 134, pp. 10089-10101, 2012.
A. L. Andrady, M. A. Neal, “Applications and societal benefits of plastics,” Phil Trans R Soc, vol. 364, 1977-1984, B 2009.
UNEP, Global Chemical Outlook e towards Sound Management of Chemicals, 2013.
Association of Plastic Manufacturers Europe. An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data. Belgium: European Association of Plastics Recycling and Recovery Organisations, pp. 1-32, 2015.
J. H Tibbetts, “Managing marine plastic pollution: policy initiatives to address wayward waste. Environ Health Perspect,” vol. 123, pp. A90-A93, 2015.
S. D. Anuar Sharuddin, F. Abnisa, W. M. Ashri Wan Daud, M. K. Aroua, “A review on pyrolysis of plastic wastes,” Energy conversion and management, vol. 115, pp. 308-326, 2016.
S. H. Jung, M. H. Cho, B. S. Kang, J. S. Kim, “Pyrolysis of a fraction of waste polypropylene and polyethylene for the recovery of BTX aromatics using a fluidized bed reactor,” Fuel Process Technol, vol. 91, pp. 277-84, 2010.
P. T. Williams, E. A. Williams, “Fluidised bed pyrolysis of low density polyethylene to produce petrochemical feedstock,” J Anal Appl Pyrol, vol. 51, pp. 107-261999.
J. A. Onwudili, N. Insura, P. T. Williams, “Composition of products from the pyrolysis of polyethylene and polystyrene in a closed batch reactor: effects of temperature and residence time,” J Anal Appl Pyrol, vol. 86, pp. 293-303, 2009.
J. A. Ivair do Sul, M. F., “Costa The present and future of microplastic pollution in the marine environment. Environ Pollut,” vol. 185, pp. 352-364, 2014.
G. P. Karayannidis, D. S. Achilias, Chemical recycling of poly (ethylene terephthalate), Macromol. Mater. Eng., vol. 292, pp. 128-146, 2007.
J. G. Poulakis, C. D. Papaspyrides, “Recycling of polypropylene by the dissolution/reprecipitation technique: I. A model study,” Res. Conserv. Recycl., vol. 20, pp. 31-41, 1997.
J. G. Poulakis, C. D. Papaspyrides, “The dissolution/reprecipitation technique applied on high-density polyethylene: I. Model recycling experiments,” Adv. Polym. Techn., vol. 14 (3), pp. 237-242, 1995.
British Plastics Federation. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC). London; 2015.
A. Garton, “Infrared Spectroscopy of Polymer Blends, Composites and Surfaces”, Hanser Publishers, New York, 1992.
P. A. Michael, “Plastic waste total in MSW,” Society of the Plastic Industry, 2010.
Ö. Çepeliog˘ullar, A. E. Pütün, “Thermal and kinetic behaviors of biomass and plastic wastes in co-pyrolysis,” Energy Convers Manage, vol. 75, pp. 263, 2013.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186