Analysis of Factors that Affect Road Traffic Accidents in Bahir Dar City, North Western Ethiopia
Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 91-96
Received: Aug. 8, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2014; Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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Authors
Haile Mekonnen Fenta, Statistics Department, Science College, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
Demeke Lakew Workie, Statistics Department, Science College, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Traffic accident is increased from time to time in alarming rate and it is a serious problem throughout the globe, particularly, in developing countries like Ethiopia. In this study our aim was to identify the major factors that affect the occurrence of traffic accidents at Bahir Dar city, North Western Ethiopia. The drivers were selected using simple random sampling methods and descriptive statistics, Chi-square and Binary logistic regression methods have been used for data analysis.The Hosmer and Lemeshow test showed that the model fits the data very well. And from the result we have seen that drivers giving priority stated by the law, pedestrian’s manner while crossing the road, drivers usage of seat belt have statistically significant impact for the occurrence of traffic accidents in the city. Pedestrian’s manner while crossing the road is one of the significant variable for the occurrence of road traffic accidents in Bahir Dar city. Therefore, the traffic polices or concerned body should give trainings for pedestrians about traffic accidents. To minimize the road traffic accidents, the government should set the rules to use the seat belt so that the drivers should apply it.
Keywords
Traffic Accidents, Binary Logistic Regression, Odds Ratio
To cite this article
Haile Mekonnen Fenta, Demeke Lakew Workie, Analysis of Factors that Affect Road Traffic Accidents in Bahir Dar City, North Western Ethiopia, Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 91-96. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20140205.11
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