Dynamics of Different Sulfur Forms in Natural Waters and Their Influence on the Redox State
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 52-61
Received: Jul. 16, 2020;
Accepted: Jul. 31, 2020;
Published: Aug. 19, 2020
Views 100 Downloads 42
Gheorghe Duca, Research Centre of Physical and Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Vladislav Blonschi, Department of Industrial and Ecological Chemistry, Moldova State University, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Viorica Gladchi, Department of Industrial and Ecological Chemistry, Moldova State University, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Sergey Travin, Department of Dynamics of Chemical and Biological Processes, Semenov Federal Research Center for Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
Sulfur-containing substances with reducing properties in natural water bodies are partners in the reactions with active oxygen forms (ROS) and so are their specific antipodes. The ratio of counterflows of an oxidizer and a reducing agent sets the redox potential of the aquatic environment, is responsible for its self-purification and ultimately forms the quality of water as a habitat. At the same time, data on the formation and destruction channels of substances with the reduced sulfhydryl groups and correlation dependences of their quantity with regard to the other components’ concentrations in natural aquatic environment are fragmentary and insufficient. During the years 2015-2019, four water bodies, two lotic systems and two lentic ones were monitored. Thiols and sulfates were monitored, and it was found that in all the monitored aquatic systems the thiols content is subject to seasonal variation; therefore, its provenance is predominantly natural. To elucidate the seasonal dynamics of different sulfur forms in natural waters, the Pearson linear correlation coefficient was calculated and a positive summer correlation was attested related to the maximal biological activity. This proves that sulfate ions are used by hydrobionts as a source of sulfur for the synthesis of organic compounds, including thiols. In spring and autumn, the calculated coefficients have negative values, which denotes the dominance of chemical oxidation of the organic compounds with sulfur. These are periods with minimal biological activity. It was shown that out of two studied thiols, cysteine and glutathione, only the first one has shown the toxicity with regard to cyanobacteria.
Dynamics of Different Sulfur Forms in Natural Waters and Their Influence on the Redox State, American Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Vol. 9, No. 3,
2020, pp. 52-61.
Duca G., Travin S. // Hydrogen Peroxide: Reaction Mechanisms and Applications // American Journal of Physical Chemistry (AJPC), American Journal of Physical Chemistry. 2020, 9 (2). ISSN: 2327-2430 (Print); ISSN: 2327-2449 (Online). pp. 36-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20200902.13.
Frog B. N., Skurlatov Y. I., Stramm E. V., Vichutinskaya E. V., 2012// Effect of water-soluble compounds of reduced sulfur on the toxic properties of natural and waste waters // ISSN 1997-0935. Vestnik MGSU. 2012. № 6 p.105.
Poole L. B. // Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2015, V. 80. P. 148.
Winterbourn C. C., Metodiewa D. // Free Radic. Biol. Med. 1999. V. 27. P. 322.
Kheirabadi R., Izadyar M. // J. Phys. Chem. A. 2016, V. 51. № 120. P. 10108 / doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.6b11437.
Kritzinger E. C., Bauer F. F., du Toit W. J.// J. Agric.Food Chem. 2013. V. 2. № 61. P. 269 // dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf303665z.
Meister A. Glutathione metabolism and it’s selective modification // The Journal of Biological Chemistry //1988. Vol. 263. N. 33. P. 17205-17208.
Ballatori N. Glutathione mercaptides as transport forms of metals // Adv. Pharmacol. 1994. Vol. 27 P. 271-298.
Sies H. Oxidative Stress. L.: Academic Press. 1985. P. 1.
Sies H., Jones D. P. Encyclopedia of Stress. San Diego, CA.: Elsevier. 2007. V. 3. P. 45.
Reuter S., Gupta S. C., Chaturvedi M. M., Aggarwal B. B. //Free Radic. Biol Med. 2010. V. 49. № 11. P. 1603.
Kabanov A. V. // Methods for determination of thiol-disulfide equation and glutathione concentration in biological fluids // Medicine: theory and practice, special issue, Volume 4, 2019 eISSN 2658-4204.
Degui Tang, Chin-Chang Hung, Kent W. Warnken, and Peter H. Santschi / The distribution of biogenic thiols in surface waters of Galveston Bay //Limnol. Oceanogr., 45 (6), 2000, 1289–1297.
Degui Tang, Martin M. Shafer, Dawn A. Karner, Joel Overdier, David E. Armstrong// Factors Affecting the Presence of Dissolved Glutathione in Estuarine Waters // Vol. 38, No. 16, 2004 / Environmental Science & Technology.
Gladchi, V., Bunduchi, E., Romanciuc, L. Ecological Chemistry of the Natural Waters. In: Duca, G., Vaseashta, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Emerging Developments and Environmental Impacts of Ecological Chemistry. IGI Global, 2020, pp. 197-211.
Duca, G., Gladchi, V., Romanciuc, L. Processes of pollution and self-purification of natural waters. Chisinau: USM Editorial Center, 2002, 145 p. (in Romanian).
Duca, Gh., Mihaila, G., Goreaceva, N., Chetruș, P. Chemistry of natural waters. Chisinau: Moldova State University, 1995, 287 p. (in Romanian).
Gladchi, V. Catalytic transformations and the redox state of the environment: Monograph. Chisinau: CEP USM, 2018, 212 p. (in Romanian).
Duca, G., Scurlatov, Yu. Ecological Chemistry. Chisinau: CE USM, 2002, 289 p.
Duca, G., Scurlatov, Yu., Sychev, A. Redox catalysis and ecological chemistry. Chisinau: Publishing Centre M.S.U., 2002, 316 p.
Chu, C., Stamatelatos, D., McNeill, K. Aquatic indirect photochemical transformations of natural peptidic thiols: impact of thiol properties, solution pH, solution salinity and metal ions. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 2017, 19, pp. 1518-1527. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/C7EM00324B
Fahey, R. C. Glutathione analogs in prokaryotes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 2013, 1830 (5), pp. 3182–3198. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2012.10.006.
Salinas, G, Comini, M. A. Alternative Thiol-Based Redox Systems. Antioxidants Redox Signal, 2018, 28 (6), pp. 407‐409. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2017.7464.
Sameem, B., Khan, F., Niaz, K. Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements. Elsevier, 2019, pp. 53-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812491-8.00007-2
Narainsamy, K., Farci, S., Braun, E., Junot, C., Cassier-Chauvat, C., Chauvat, F. Oxidative‐stress detoxification and signalling in cyanobacteria: the crucial glutathione synthesis pathway supports the production of ergothioneine and ophthalmate. Molecular Microbiology, 2016, 100 (1), pp. 15–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.13296.
Fahey, R. C. Novel thiols of prokaryotes. Annu Rev Microbiol, 2001, 55, pp. 333‐356. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.micro.55.1.333.
Schmidt, A. Sulfur metabolism in cyanobacteria. Methods in Enzymology, 1988, 167, pp. 572-583. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0076-6879(88)67065-0.
Giordano, M., Norici, A., Ratti, S., Raven, J. A. Role of Sulfur for Algae: Acquisition, Metabolism, Ecology and Evolution. In: Hell R., Dahl C., Knaff D., Leustek T. (eds) Sulfur Metabolism in Phototrophic Organisms. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, vol 27. Springer: Dordrecht, 2008, pp. 397-415.
Duca, G., Gladchi, V., Goreaceva, N. Practical works on natural water chemistry. Chisinau: CEP USM, 2007, 108p. (in Romanian).
Ellman, G. L. Tissue sulfhydryl groups. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 1959, 82, pp. 70-77. DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(59)90090-6.
Riddles, P. W., Blakeley, R. L., Zerner, B. Reassessment of Ellman’s reagent. Methods in Enzymology, 1983, vol. 91, pp. 49-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(83)91010-8
Boussiba, S., Richmond, A. E. C-phycocyanin as a storage protein in the blue-green alga Spirulina platensis. Arch. Microbiol., 1980, 123, pp. 143–147. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00403211
Goreaceva, N., Gladchi, V., Bunduchi, E., Șurighina, O., Romanciuc, L. Analysis of the multiannual dynamics of the ionic composition of the Dniester river waters. Studia Universitatis Moldaviae, Real and Natural Sciences Series, 2011, 1 (41), pp. 161-166. (in Romanian).
Goreaceva, N., Duca, G. Hydrochemistry of small rivers of the Republic of Moldova: Monograph. Chisinau: Publishing Centre M. S. U., 2004, 288 p. (in Russian).