Removal of Chromium Cr(Vi) of Tanning Effluent with Activated Carbon from Tannery Solid Wastes
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 103-109
Received: Oct. 2, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 20, 2017; Published: Dec. 3, 2017
Views 133      Downloads 6
Authors
Mehdi Louarrat, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Semlalia, University of Cady Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco
Abdoul Ntieche Rahman, Department of Chemistry, Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon
Abdelaziz Bacaoui, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Semlalia, University of Cady Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco
Abdelrani Yaacoubi, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Semlalia, University of Cady Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study offers an integrated process for treatment and recycling of tannery waste, it has a dual purpose. First the activated carbon (AC) has been prepared from leather shaving (LS) and goat hair (GH) by physical activation. Both the raw material and the prepared activated carbon were analyzed by DTG, TGA, and SEM. The adsorption tests of methylene blue (MB) and iodine onto the raw material and the prepared adsorbent were carried out and it was found that the adsorption capacity of the activated carbon was enhanced by the physical activation. The AC was then characterized by BET surface area and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The BET surface area was found to be 491.05 and 242.60 m2/g for ACs prepared from LS and GH respectively and the functional groups on the adsorbent surface were mainly CN, NH, OH, CO and CS. Secondly, the performance of the prepared AC was assessed by adsorption of chrome (VI) from a synthetic solution, and then the chrome (III) present in the tanning effluent. The results revealed a decrease of chromium by 78% and 73% for the activated carbons prepared from (LS) and (GH), respectively.
Keywords
Leather Shaving, Tannery, Activated Carbon, Adsorption, Chrome
To cite this article
Mehdi Louarrat, Abdoul Ntieche Rahman, Abdelaziz Bacaoui, Abdelrani Yaacoubi, Removal of Chromium Cr(Vi) of Tanning Effluent with Activated Carbon from Tannery Solid Wastes, American Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 103-109. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20170606.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
S. Booth, A. J. Long and V. L. addy, "Converting tannery waste to energy, in: Visual Display Presentation" (2006).
[2]
K. J. Sreeram, S. Saravanabhavan, J. Raghava Rao, and B. U. Nair, "Use of Chromium-Collagen Wastes for the Removal of Tannins from Wastewaters", Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Vol 43, PP. 5310-5317, 2004.
[3]
K. Sbihi, O. Cherifi and M. Bertrand, "Toxicity and biosorption of chromium from aqueous solutions by the diatom Planothidium lanceolatum (Brébisson) Lange-Bertalot" AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH, Vol. 3, PP. 27-38, (2012).
[4]
F. Mutongo, O. Kuipa and P. K. Kuipa, "Removal of Cr(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Powder of Potato Peelings as a Low Cost Sorbent", Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, Vol. 2014 PP. 1-7, 2014.
[5]
M. Farenzena, L. F. da Silveira, J. O. Trierweiler and P. M. de Aquim, Tanneries: from Waste to Sustainability, BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 48, pp. 281-289, June 2005.
[6]
R. M. da Gama, T. S. Balogh, S. França, T. C. S. Dias, V. Bedin, An. R. Baby, J. D. R. Matos, M. V. R. Velasco "Thermal analysis of hair treated with oxidative hair dye under influence of conditioners agents" J Therm Anal Calorim, Vol. 106, PP. 399-405, 2011.
[7]
F. Fiessinger, J. J. Rook and J. P. Duguet, "Alternative methods for chlorination", Science of The Total Environment, vol. 47 PP. 299-315, 1985.
[8]
R. M. Wiesner, J. J. RooK, F. Fiessinger, "Optimizing the Placement of GAC Filtration Units", American Water Works Association Vol. 79, PP. 39-49, 1987.
[9]
K. Y. Foo and B. H. Hameed, "Porous structure and adsorptive properties of pineapple peel based activated carbons prepared via microwave assisted KOH and K2CO3 activation", Microporous and Mesoporous Materials Vol. 148, PP. 191-195, January 2012.
[10]
W. Yi-min, H. Ya-ji, S. Min, J. Bao-sheng, "Study on preparation of activated carbon made from sludge by steam activation", China Environmental Science Vol. 32, PP. 5431-5438, 2012.
[11]
W. Brateka, A. Swiatkowski, M. Pakułac, S. Biniak d, M. Bystrzejewski, R. Szmigielskif, "Characteristics of activated carbon prepared from waste PET by carbon dioxide activation", Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 100, PP. 192–198, 2013.
[12]
J. F. González, J. M. Encinar, C. M. González-García, E. S. A. Ramiro, J. L. Canito, J. Gañán, "Preparation of activated carbons from used tyres by gasification with steam and carbon dioxide", Applied Surface Science, Vol. 252, PP. 5999-6004, June 2006.
[13]
A. M. Ferro Orozco, E. M. Contreras, N. E. Zaritzky, “Effects of combining biological treatment and activated carbon on hexavalentchromium reduction” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 102 PP. 2495–2502. November 2011.
[14]
J. Carpenter, S. Sharma, A. K. Sharma, S. Verma, “Adsorption of Dye by Using the Solid Waste from Leather Industry as an Adsorbent”, International Journal of Engineering Science Invention, Vol. 2, PP. 64-69, January. 2013.
[15]
A. El Nemr, A. El-Sikaily, A. Khaled, O. Abdelwahab “Removal of toxic chromium from aqueous solution, wastewater and saline water by marine red alga Pterocladia capillacea and its activated carbon”, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, PP. 1-12, January 2011.
[16]
J. Kanagaraj, K. C. Velappan, N. K. C. Babu and S. Sadulla, “Solid waste generation in the leather industry and its utilization for cleaner environment- a review”, Journal of scientific and Industrial Research, Vol. 65, PP. 541-548, July 2006.
[17]
I. C. Kantarli and J. Yanik, “Use of Waste Sludge from the Tannery Industry” Energy & Fuels, Vol. 23, PP. 3126–3133, 2009.
[18]
I. C. Kantarli and J. Yanik, Activated carbon from leather shaving wastes and its application in removal of toxic materials, J. Hazard. Mater., Vol. 179, PP. 348–356, 2010.
[19]
A. Vengosh, R. Coyte, J. Karr, J. S. Harkness, A. J. Kondash, L. S. Ruhl, R. B. Merola, and G. S. Dywer, Origin of Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water Wells from the Piedmont Aquifers of North Carolina, Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. Just accepted.
[20]
J. R. RAO, P. THANIKAIVELAN, K. J. SREERAM, and B. U. NAIR, Green Route for the Utilization of Chrome Shavings (Chromium-Containing Solid Waste) in Tanning Industry. Environ. Sci. Technol., Vol. 36, PP. 1372-1376, 2002.
[21]
K. J. Sreeram, T. Ramasami, “Sustaining tanning process through conservation, recovery and better utilization of chromium” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 38 PP. 185-212. 2003.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931