American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 118-127
Received: Nov. 21, 2016;
Accepted: Dec. 5, 2016;
Published: Jan. 12, 2017
Views 3582 Downloads 128
Ayman Abdelaziz Osman, Department of Chemistry, College of Science and Home Economic, Bisha University, Bisha, Saudi Arabia; Departmen of Chemistry, College of Science and Education, University of West Kurdofan, EL Nuhud, Sudan
Ayman Abdelaziz Osman,
Solvent Effects on the Kinetics of the Dakin-West Reaction, American Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2016, pp. 118-127.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
N. L. Allinger, G. L. Wang, and B. B. Dewlhurst. (1988) The Dakin – West Reaction. Chem. Soc. Rev. 17, 91-109.
G. H. Cleland and Neiman (1949). Some observation on the Dakin – West Reaction. J. Am Chem. Soc. 71: 841.
G. L. Buchana (1988) The Dakin –West Reaction. Chem. Soc. Rev. 17: 91.
R. A. Y. Jones (1979) Physical and mechanistic of organic chemistry. New York, London, p. 67.
L. P. Hammett (1940) Physical organic chemistry. McMarw – Hill Book Co., in., New York.
J. A. King and F. H. McMillan (1955) The Decarboxylative Acylation of α-substituted acid. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77(10): 2814.
M. H. Abraham (1974). Prog. Phys. Org. Chem. 11: 2.
E. M. Arrnett, W. G. Benntrude, J. J. Burke (1965) Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry. V. Molecules, Ions, and The Transition States in Aqueous Ethanol. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 87: 1544.
A. J. Parker (1969) Protic – dipolar aprotic solvent effect on rates of bimolecular reaction Chem. Rev. 9: 1.
M. J. Blandamer (1977) Kinetics solvent effect on hydrolysis of ethyl chloroformate in binary aqueous mixtures. Adv. Phys. Org. Chem 14: 203.
A. J. Parker (1968) The Chemistry of Nonaqueous Solvents VA: Principles and Applications. J. Chem. Soc. A: 220.
A. Ben-Naim (1977) Inverse of the Kirkwood-Buff theory of solution: Application to the water – ethanol system. J. Chem. Phys. 67: 4884.
A. J. Parker, U. Mayer, R. Schmid, and V. Gutmann (1973) J. Org. Chem. Soc.; 43; 1834;.
R. Elexander, A. J. Parker, J. H. Sharp and W. E. Waghrone (1972) Solvation of ions. XVI. Solvent activity coefficients of single ions. Recommended extra thermodynamic assumption. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 94: 1148.
B. G. Cox, A. J. Parker, J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 95; 408888; (1973).
R. Knorr and R. Huisgen (1970) Mechanism of the Dakin –West reaction. 1. Reaction of secondary N-acylamino acid with acetic anhydride. Chem. Ber. 103: 2598.
R. Knorr and R. Huisgen (1971) Mechanism of the Dakin –West reaction. 111. Course of ring opening during the Dakin – West reaction of an oxazoline – 5 olate. Chem. Ber. 104: 3621.
R. Knorr and G. K. Staudinger (1971) Mechanism of the Dakin –West reaction. 11. Acylation of Oxazoline – 5 –ones by carboxylic anhydride-pyridine. Chem. Ber. 104: 3633.
E. Tomila and M. Murto (1963) the influence of the solvent on reaction velocity, XXIV. The acid hydrolysis of ethyl acetate in dimethyl sulphoxide – water mixture. Acta. Chem. Scand. 17: 1943.
E. Tomila and M. Savolainen (1966) The Influence of the Solvent on Reaction Velocity. XXXI. The Reaction between Benzyl Chlorides and Methoxide Ion in Dimethyl Sulphoxide-Methanol Mixtures. Acta. Chem. Scand. 20: 946.
P. P. Bell (1973) the proton in Chemistry. 2 nd, ed. Chapman & Hall. London. Chapter 5: 69.
M. J. Blandamer, N. J. Blundel, J. Burgess, J. Cowles, J. Hom (1990) An inverse Kirkwood–Buff treatment of the thermodynamic properties of DMSO–water mixtures and cyano methane–water binary liquid mixtures at 298.2 K. J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 86(2): 277.
M. K. Chantooni and M. Kolthoff (1967) Transfer Activity Coefficients between Water and Methanol of Complexes of Some Univalent and Barium Ions with Dibenzocryptand 2.2.2, Cryptand 2.2.2, and 18-Crown-6. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89: 1582.
M. K. Chantooni and M. Kolthoff (1967) Hydration of undissociated salts in acetonitrile. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89: 2521.
J. D. Roberts and W. T. Moreland (1953) Electrical Effects of Substituent Groups in Saturated Systems. Reactivity’s of 4-Substituted Bicyclo [2.2.2] octane-1-carboxylic Acids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75: 2167.
R. W. Taft (1952) Polar and Steric Substituent Constants for Aliphatic and o-Benzoate Groups from Rates of Esterification and Hydrolysis of Esters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74: 3120.
N. Glew, H. Watts (1971) Aqueous Nonelectrolyte Solutions. Part IX. Enthalpies of Mixing of Water and Deuterium Oxide with Ethylene Oxide. Can. J. Chem. 49: 1830.
D. N. Glew, and N. S. Rath (1971) H2O, HDO, and CH3OH Infrared Spectra and Correlation with Solvent Basicity and Hydrogen Bonding. Can. J. Chem. 49: 837.
D. N. Glew, H. D. Mak, and N. S. Rath (1968) Aqueous nonelectrolyte solutions. Water stabilization by nonelectrolytes. Chem. Commun. 264.
C. Treiner (1975) Thermodynamic transfer functions for urea and thiourea from water to water-tetrahydrofuran mixtures from precise vapor-pressure measurements. J. Chem. Phys. 4: 471-483.