United Probabilistic Nature and Model of Chemical and Mechanical Reactions of Consecutive Destruction of Substance
American Journal of Physical Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 42-47
Received: Oct. 8, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2015; Published: Oct. 31, 2015
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Authors
Vitaliy Pavlovich Malyshev, Chemical and Metallurgical Institute, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan
Astra Mundukovna Makasheva, Chemical and Metallurgical Institute, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan
Yuliya Sergeevna Zubrina, Chemical and Metallurgical Institute, Karaganda, Republic of Kazakhstan
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Abstract
Into development of mathematical methods of forecasting of grinding process materials based on different aspects of the application of systems theory, the authors propose to be likened to and summarize chemical and mechanical processes of sequential destruction of matter on the basis of a single probability of their nature. Expression for the rate of direct reaction of substances is opened taking into account sense of product of the mole fractions of reacting molecules as probabilities of their simultaneous presence at any point of reactionary space (a concentration factor Pconc), a steric factor of Pst – as probabilities of successful mutual orientation of molecules, an activation factor of Pa – as probabilities of overcoming of a power barrier of activation under the influence of the frequency of impacts of Z: V=ZPconc∙ Pst ∙ Pа. Probabilistic representation of the rate of chemical reactions more directly reflects randomized the state of the reacting system and can be generalized to any of its variants, in particular, mechanical. This allowed us to consider the process of grinding material from new point of view, and moreover - to liken of its kinetics successive irreversible reactions to give the general expression for the output of the intermediates (fractions) at any time for any number of destruction stages. On this basis calculated the entropy of mixing of fractions and the dynamics of change corresponding to the log-normal distribution of fractions which known by data of practices.
Keywords
Chemical Reaction, Mechanical Reaction, Probability Theory, Destruction of the Substance, Ball Mill, Grinding
To cite this article
Vitaliy Pavlovich Malyshev, Astra Mundukovna Makasheva, Yuliya Sergeevna Zubrina, United Probabilistic Nature and Model of Chemical and Mechanical Reactions of Consecutive Destruction of Substance, American Journal of Physical Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 42-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpc.20150406.11
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Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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