Residual Stress Measurement in Si-based Multilayer Structure by Micro-Raman Spectroscopy
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 33-38
Received: Mar. 20, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 8, 2015;
Published: Nov. 29, 2015
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Wei Qiu, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Engineering Mechanics, Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; LANE, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, NE, USA
CuiLi Cheng, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Engineering Mechanics, Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
Yu Cheng Zhao, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Engineering Mechanics, Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
Qiu Li, Tianjin Key Laboratory of High Speed Cutting and Precision Machining, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin, China
Si-based multilayer structures, such as porous silicon (PS) and germanium silicon (ε-Si), are widely used in current microelectronics and Micro-electromechanical Systems (MEMS). During the preparing process of Si-based multilayer structures, some inhomogeneous residual stress is induced, maybe finally leading to structure failure. Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (MRS) is regarded as an effective method for intrinsic stress measurement. In this work, MRS is applied to analysis the residual stress distribution along the cross section of Si-based multilayer structure. Raman experimental results show that there are noticeable residual stress in both silicon substrate and the films (including porous silicon film and germanium-silicon buffer layers). The residual stress is linearly varied in most regions, which leads to an overall warp of the structure. While nonlinear variation of residual stress appears at the interface between different films and Si-substrate. Based on the experimental results, a spectra-mechanical model for analyzing the transversely-isotropic material like porous silicon was presented. A set of detailed Raman stress relationship of porous silicon was achieved. For the study of strained silicon wafer, the structural analyses by using high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) were cooperated with the residual stress measurement by Micro-Raman. And an analysis procedure of the residual stress evaluation on multilayer germanium silicon structures was introduced.
Yu Cheng Zhao,
Residual Stress Measurement in Si-based Multilayer Structure by Micro-Raman Spectroscopy, Optics. Special Issue: Optical Techniques for Deformation, Structure and Shape Evaluation.
Vol. 4, No. 3-1,
2015, pp. 33-38.
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