Analgesic Properties of Euphorbia prostrate Crude Extracts
Science Journal of Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 100-105
Received: Oct. 20, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 2, 2015; Published: Dec. 8, 2015
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Biwott T., Department of Chemistry, Moi University, Kenya, Eldoret
Kiprop A., Department of Chemistry, Moi University, Kenya, Eldoret
Cherutoi J., Department of Chemistry, Moi University, Kenya, Eldoret
Munyendo W., Department of Chemistry, Moi University, Kenya, Eldoret
Biwott G., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Eldoret, Kenya, Eldoret
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Pain is a symptom that results from particular physiological processes as injurious stimuli characteristic of cell injury or disease. The use of plants as medicine for relieving pain has been reported in several studies where extracts have shown significant analgesic activity. This study was conducted to determine the analgesic efficacy of ethyl acetate and hexane crude extract from Euphorbia prostrate. The phytochemical screening of hexane and ethyl acetate was done. The study also evaluated the analgesic properties of hexane and ethyl acetate crude extracts from E. prostrate. Tail Immersion Model with albino rats was adopted for the investigation. Crude extracts at doses of 250, 500 and 1000mg/kg body weight were administered orally and their activity compared with diclofenac (positive control) and tween solution (negative control). Phytochemical screening showed that major phytochemical in E. prostrate plant had mid polar properties. Results for both the hexane and ethyl acetate crude extracts showed a significant increase in Pain Reaction Time (PRT) at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg. These results were statistically authentic as realized from minimal standard deviation of 0.158 and 0.058 for diclofenac and ethyl acetate extract respectively with a t-test value of 24.99at α = 0.005 level of significance. This confirmed the efficacy of both hexane and ethyl acetate extracts therefore inference that E. prostrate exhibits analgesic activity and is a potential lead candidate for drug discovery.
Analgesic, Diclofenac, Tail Immersion, Euphorbia prostrate
To cite this article
Biwott T., Kiprop A., Cherutoi J., Munyendo W., Biwott G., Analgesic Properties of Euphorbia prostrate Crude Extracts, Science Journal of Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 100-105. doi: 10.11648/j.sjc.20150306.14
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