Electrocatalytic Reduction of 2, 2, 2–Trichloro-1, 1-Bis (4-Chlorophenyl) Ethanol (Dicofol) in Acetonitrile-Aqueous Solution Using Cyanocobalamin as a Catalyst
Science Journal of Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 1-10
Received: Dec. 5, 2014;
Accepted: Dec. 23, 2014;
Published: Jan. 20, 2015
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Wanjau Tabitha Wangui, Kisii University, School of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 408-40200 Kisii, Kenya
Geoffrey Njuguna Kamau, School of Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197 Nairobi, Kenya
Mwaniki Silas Ngari, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box, 536 Njoro, Kenya
Muya Catherine Njambi, Faculty of Environmental Science, Technical University of Kenya, P.O. Box Nairobi, Kenya
This paper reports on the catalytic behaviour of cyanocobalamin (VB12) towards the reduction of polyhalogenated organic pollutant 2, 2, 2–trichloro-1,1-bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethanol (dicofol) in acetonitrile-aqueous solution containing 0.1M KNO3 supporting electrolyte. Dicofol is a persistent, toxic organochlorine acaricide used in agriculture and horticulture to control spider mites and soft-bodied mites. Due to the chronic toxicity, bioaccumulation and carcinogenity, determination of persistent organochlorine pesticides like dicofol has become very important. The available methods are disfavored as they lack necessary simplicity, inexpensiveness and environmentally friendliness for routine analysis, and consequently, electrochemical methods have shown to be possible alternatives. Cyanocobalamin being one of the most nucleophilic species known in aqueous solution can undergo nucleophilic reactions which are efficient for dehalogenation of various organic halides. Direct reduction of cyanocobalamin exhibited a quasi-reversible two-electron reduction with the oxidation state of the central cobalt species going from +3 to +1 and E½ of 0.696 ± 0.009 V. Dicofol exhibited a single two-electron reduction peak at -1.182±0.029 V vs SCE. The E½ was -1.074 V and the diffusion coefficient was 2.21x10-5 cm2s-1. Addition of dicofol to solution of cyanocobalamin resulted in a large reduction peak at around the reduction peak potential of cyanocobalamin (-0.732±0.018V versus SCE for six scan rates). This makes it clear that when cyanocobalamin is adsorbed on pyrolytic graphite electrode, it causes the lowering of overpotential for the reductive decomposition of dicofol by approximately 0.45 V and therefore ΔG was about 1½ times lowered. The decrease in ΔG implies that electrocatalysis is more kinetically favourable compared to direct electrochemical activation of carbon–halogen bonds.
Wanjau Tabitha Wangui,
Geoffrey Njuguna Kamau,
Mwaniki Silas Ngari,
Muya Catherine Njambi,
Electrocatalytic Reduction of 2, 2, 2–Trichloro-1, 1-Bis (4-Chlorophenyl) Ethanol (Dicofol) in Acetonitrile-Aqueous Solution Using Cyanocobalamin as a Catalyst, Science Journal of Chemistry.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2015, pp. 1-10.
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