Spent Lead-Acid Batteries Crushing Mechanical Properties and Impact Crushing Effect
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 153-160
Received: Jul. 10, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 21, 2018;
Published: Sep. 11, 2018
Views 1444 Downloads 151
Wu Caibin, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China
Li Bensheng, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China; Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Mining & Metallurgy Environmental Pollution Control, Ganzhou, China
Yuan Chenfang, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China
Zhao Jieming, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China
Ye Jingsheng, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China
Ni Shuainan, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, China
Follow on us
The spent lead-acid battery contains a large amount of lead metal and waste acid. If not treated or simply treated, it will cause serious environmental pollution and even endanger human health. The paper focuses on the recovery of valuable resources such as lead paste and plastic by replacing chemical methods with physical ones, which the bending performance was tested with electronic universal testing machine and the impact performance measured with plastic pendulum impact testing machine. At the same time, a self-designed crusher is also used for impact crushing. The test results showed that the plastic shell is hard and brittle and has strong resistance to bending, but its impact resistance is weak. The spent lead-acid batteries were crushed by self-designed impact crusher. In the broken products, the grids and fiber separators were distributed between 2.2-0.5 mm in diameter, while plastics mainly over 10 mm and lead paste mainly below 0.1 mm. The XRD results show that the lead in each particle size has different forms and contents of lead. Different comminution experiments show that the appropriate process parameters can achieve the existence of valuable resources such as plastics, grids, and lead pastes in spent lead-acid batteries according to their shape and size, which helps the subsequent sorting and recovery of valuable materials.
Spent Lead-Acid Batteries, Mechanical Properties, Impact Crushing, Granular Distribution, Resource Recovery
To cite this article
Spent Lead-Acid Batteries Crushing Mechanical Properties and Impact Crushing Effect, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2018, pp. 153-160.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chang Y, Mao X, Zhao Y, et al. Lead-acid battery use in the development of renewable energy systems in China [J]. Journal of Power Sources, 2009, 191 (1):176-183.
Treptow R S. The Lead-Acid Battery: Its Voltage in Theory and in Practice [J]. Journal of Chemical Education, 2002, 79 (3):334-338.
Ambrose H, Gershenson D, Gershenson A, et al. Driving rural energy access: a second-life application for electric-vehicle batteries [J]. Environmental Research Letters, 2014, 9 (9):094004.
Zhao, J., Cao, G. Extended Producer Responsibilities in the Lead-Acid Battery Industry. China Battery Industry Association, Beijing, 2015, pp. 1–50.
Tian X, Wu Y, Gong Y, et al. The lead-acid battery industry in China: outlook for production and recycling [J]. Waste Manage. Res.2015, 33 (11):986-994.
Li Xinzhan. Policy boosting the recovery of waste lead-acid batteries for a new era [J]. China Nonferrous Metals, 2018 (08):46-47.
Zhu X, Li L, Sun X, et al. Preparation of basic lead oxide from spent lead acid battery paste via chemical conversion [J]. Hydrometallurgy, 2012, 117-118:24-31.
Kuijp, T., Huang, L., Cherry et al. Health hazards of China's lead-acid battery industry: a review of its market drivers, production processes, and health impacts [J]. Environmental Health, 2013, 12 (1):61.
Chen L, Xu Z, Liu M, et al. Lead exposure assessment from study near a lead-acid battery factory in China [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2012, 429 (429):191-198.
Zhu X, He X, Yang J, et al. Leaching of spent lead acid battery paste components by sodium citrate and acetic acid [J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2013, 250-251 (8):387-396.
Cheng Ma, Yuehong Shu, Hongyu Chen. Recycling lead from spent lead pastes using oxalate and sodium oxalate and preparation of novel lead oxide for lead-acid batteries [J]. RSC Advances, 2015, 5 (115):94895-94902.
Gomes G M F, Mendes T F, Wada K. Reduction in toxicity and generation of slag in secondary lead process [J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2011, 19 (9):1096-1103.
Sun Z, Cao H, Zhang X, et al. Spent lead-acid battery recycling in China – A review and sustainable analyses on mass flow of lead [J]. Waste Management, 2017, 64:190.
Hu Hongyun, Zhu Xinfeng, Yang Jiakuan. Research progress in wet recycling of spent lead-acid batteries [J]. Chemical Progress, 2009, 28 (9):1662-1667.
RAMUS K, HAWKINS P．Lead/acid battery recycling and the new Isamelt process [J]. Journal of Power Sources1993 (42):299-313．
Gao Qian, Zhu Longguan, Shu Yuehong, et al. Research and discussion on crushing and sorting of spent lead-acid batteries [J]. Battery, 2013, 50 (1): 3-7.
Chen Wenjian. Spent batteries Pollution Status and Prevention Suggestions [J]. Environmental Science, 2014 (9):31-33.