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Anti-Flammable Properties of Cotton Fabrics Using Eco Friendly Inorganic Materials by Layering Self-Assisted Processing
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 115-125
Received: Apr. 20, 2018; Accepted: May 5, 2018; Published: May 22, 2018
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Sechin Chang, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service - Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, USA
Brian Condon, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service - Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, USA
Elena Graves, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service - Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, USA
Jade Smith, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service - Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, USA
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A flame retardant surface has been prepared by the layer-by layer assemblies of branched polyethylenimine (BPEI), kaolin, urea, and diammonium phosphate (DAP) on cotton fabrics. Four different kinds of cotton fabrics (print cloth, mercerized print cloth, mercerized twill, and fleece) were prepared using solutions of BPEI, urea, DAP, and kaolin. Layer-by-layer assemblies for flame retardant properties were applied by the pad-dry-cure method and each coating formula was rotated for 10, 20, 30, or 40 bilayers. To assess the effectiveness to resist flame propagation on treated fabrics of different constructions the vertical flammability test (ASTM D 6413-11) was used. In most cases char lengths of fabrics that passed the vertical flammability tests were less than 50% of the original length and after-flame and after-glow times were less than one second. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and limiting oxygen indices (LOI, ASTM D 2863-09) were also used to test for flame retardancy. All untreated fabrics showed LOI values of about 19-21% oxygen in nitrogen. LOI values for the four types of treated fabrics were greater than 35% when add-on wt% values were between 11.1 – 18.6 wt %. In addition, structural characterizations of treated fabrics were studied by SEM methods.
Cotton Fabric, Flame Retardant, Layering, Flammability Test
To cite this article
Sechin Chang, Brian Condon, Elena Graves, Jade Smith, Anti-Flammable Properties of Cotton Fabrics Using Eco Friendly Inorganic Materials by Layering Self-Assisted Processing, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2018, pp. 115-125. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20180704.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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