Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) Germplasm Collection in Oman
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 7, Issue 6, December 2018, Pages: 113-120
Received: Nov. 23, 2018; Accepted: Dec. 10, 2018; Published: Jan. 2, 2019
Views 18      Downloads 17
Nadiya Abu Bakr Al-Saady, Oman Animal & Plant Genetics Resources Center, The Research Council, Al-Athiba, Sultanate of Oman
Saleem Kaseemsaheb Nadaf, Oman Animal & Plant Genetics Resources Center, The Research Council, Al-Athiba, Sultanate of Oman
Ali Hussein. Al-Lawati, Oman Animal & Plant Genetics Resources Center, The Research Council, Al-Athiba, Sultanate of Oman
Saleh Ali Al-Hinai, Directorate General of Agriculture & Livestock Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Al-Seeb, Sultanate of Oman
Article Tools
Follow on us
Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) is a grain legume crop grown all over Arabian Peninsula countries including Oman often as a dual crop for both food and fodder during summer. Consumers and farmers prefer large size seed for food. This paper highlights the results of collecting missions of mungbean germplasm undertaken between 2008 and 2011 and analysis of genetic diversity of collected accessions based on seed traits. 25 seed samples/accessions were collected with the largest number from South Batinah coastal governorate represented by wilayat Rustaq (9) followed by southern Dhofar governorate (6), eastern Sharqiyah governorates (4), Dhahira & Buraimi governorates (3), interior Al-Dakhliyah governorate (2) and North Batinah coastal governorate (1). The seed samples of the accessions collected were highly diverse with respect to all the characters associated with seed such as seed length (cm) and width (cm), 100-seed weight (g) and seed color. Seed length varied from 0.35 cm to 0.76 cm; seed width ranged from 0.245 cm to 0.495 cm; 100-seed weight varied from 1.8 g to 7.3 g. The accessions were grouped into 16 genetically diverse clusters based on the Principal Component Analysis, which indicated the major contribution of seed width and 100-seed weight to the total variation existing in indigenous germplasm collected from all the governorates of Oman. With respect to seed color, six accessions numbering OMA 284, OMA 295, OMA 313, OMA 335, OMA 341 and OMA 345 were homogenous (pure) with their characteristic green color. The remaining 19 seed accessions were heterogeneous (mixture) with seeds of various colors such as green, brown and black. Critical analysis of seed colors of these samples indicated the presence of 4 groups of which the largest group had 12 seed accessions with green, black seed color followed by one group of three seed accessions with green, brown and black seed color and two groups of two accessions, each with green, black, brown, and green, brown seeds, respectively.
Landraces, Accession, Seed Characters, Genetic Diversity, Mungbean
To cite this article
Nadiya Abu Bakr Al-Saady, Saleem Kaseemsaheb Nadaf, Ali Hussein. Al-Lawati, Saleh Ali Al-Hinai, Genetic Diversity of Indigenous Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) Germplasm Collection in Oman, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2018, pp. 113-120. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20180706.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
P Saravanakumar, A Kaga, N Tomooka, DA Vaughan. AFLP and RAPD analyses of intra- and interspecific variation in some Vigna subgenus Ceratotropis (Leguminosae) species. Australian Journal of Botany, 52, 2004, 417–424. 2004. doi: 10. 1071/BT03091.
N Tomooka, C Lairungreang, et al. Center of gene diversity and dissemination pathways in mung bean deduced from seed protein electrophoresis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 83, 1992. 289–293. doi: 10. 1007/BF00224273.
AS Thirumaran, MA Seralathan. Utilization of mungbean. In: Proceedings of the International Mungbean Symposium. Eds. S. Shanmugsundaram and B. T. Mc Clean. Shanuha, Taiwan. World Vegetable Center. 1988.
S Shanmugasundaram. Mungbean varietal improvement. Asian Vegetable Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan, R. O. C. 1985. pp. 30-73.
S Shanmugasundaram, JDH Keatings, JA Hughes. The mungbean transformation: Diversifying crops, defeating malnutrition. International Food Policy Institute. 2009. 43p.
S Santha, P Veluswamy. Character association and path analysis in blackgram. Madras Agric. J., 84, 1997, 678-681.
GSS Khattak, M, Ashraf, et al. Selection of large seed size at seedling stage in mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Breeding Sci., 53, 2003, 141-143.
TK Mishra, B Pradan. Genetic divergence and character association in micro mutants of mungbean variety Sujatha. Indian J., Pulses Research, 19, 2006. 184-186.
DKR Reddy, O Venkateswarlu, et al. Studies on genetic variability, character association and path-coefficient analysis in green gram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Legume Research, 34 (3), 2011, 202-206.
Misiak, K., Górna, B., Król, E. and Hołubowicz, R. 2017. Yield and Quality of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata (l.) R. Wilczek) Seeds Produced in Poland. Bulletin UASVM Horticulture. 74 (2), 2017, 149-154.
Laurel, V. B. and Ramirez, D. A. Inheritance of seed coat color in mungbean Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek. Philippine J. Crop Sci., 1994. http: //agris. fao. org/agris-search/search. do?recordID=PH9610744.
S K Tripathy, P K Nayak, et. al. Morphological diversity of local land races and wild forms of mungbean Morphological diversity of local land races and wild forms of mungbean. Legume Research, 2016. 9p. DOI: 10. 18805/lr. v0iOF. 8408.
B Laxmi Prasanna. Genetic studies in mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). M. Sc. Thesis submitted to the Acharya N. G. Ranga Agriculture University, Hyderabad, India. 2012. pp 157.
MMI Chowdhury, RI Sarker, et al. Physical properties of gram as a function of moisture content. International Journal of Food Properties, 4 (2), 2001, 297–310.
PM Nimkar, PK Chattopadhyay. Some physical properties of green gram. J. Agric. Eng. Res. 80, 2001, 183-189.
H Unal, E Işik, HC Alpsoy. Some physical and mechanical properties of black-eyed pea (Vigna unguiculata L.) grains. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 9, 2006, 1799–1806.
H Unal, E Isık et al. Geometric and Mechanical Properties of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiata L.) Grain: Effect of Moisture, International Journal of Food Properties, 11, 2008, 585-599, DOI: 10. 1080/10942910701573024.
GSS Khattak, P Srinives, DH Kim. Yield partitioning in high yielding mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.). 29, 1995, 494-497.
RS Waldia, VP Singh, et al. Asociation and variation among cooking quality traits in kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). J. Food Sci. Tech. 33, 1996, 397-402.
RJ Lawn, GJ Rebetzke. Variation among Australia accessions of the wild mungbean (Vigna radiata ssp. sublobata) for traits of agronomic, adaptive, or taxonomic interest. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 57, 2006, 119–132. doi: 10. 1071/AR05215.
T Hodgkin. Some current issues in conservation of genetic resources. In W. G. Ayad, T. Hodgkin, A. Jaradat, & V. R. Rao (Eds.), Molecular genetic techniques for plant genetic resources. Report of an IPGRI Workshop, Rome, Italy. 1997.
Y Kojima, K Ebana, et al. Development of an RFLP-based rice diversity research set of germplasm. Breeding Science, 55, 2005. 431–440. doi: 10. 1270/jsbbs. 55. 431
L Wang, P Bai, et al. Genetic diversity assessment of a set of introduced mungbean accessions (Vigna Radiata L.). The Crop J. 6, 2018. 207-213.
N Tomooka, DA Vaughan et al. ‘The Asian Vigna: genus Vigna subgenus Ceratotropis genetic resources. ’ (Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, The Netherlands), 2002.
F Abna, F Golam, S Bhassu. Estimation of genetic diversity of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) in Malaysian tropical environment. Afr. J. Microbiol Res. 6, 2012, 1770-1775.
MAF. Annual Agriculture Statistics-2017. Director General of planning and Investment Promotions. Department of Statistics and Information. Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries. Oman. 2017.
NA Al-Saady, SK Nadaf, et al. Multicrop Legume Germplasm Collection in Oman. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 16, 2014, 231-241.
NA Al-Saady, SK Nadaf, et al. Faba bean (Vicia Faba L.) Germplasm collection and its seed diversity in Oman. International Journal of Current Research, 10, 2018, 73203-732019. ISSN: 0975-833X (Available online at http: //www. journaicra. com).
NA Al-Saady, SK Nadaf, et al. Seed Diversity of Indigenous Field Peas (Pisum sativum L.) Collection in Oman. Journal of Agriculture Science, 2018, 523-531. ISSN 1916-9752 E-ISSN 1916-9760. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education (doi: 10. 5539/jas. v10n11p523).
IPGRI. Collecting Plant Diversity: Technical Guidelines. In L. Guarino, VR Rao, R Read (Eds.), CABI. 1995.
FR Hay, RJ Probert. Collecting and Handling in the Field. Collecting plant genetic diversity: Technical guidelines 2011 update. Crop Gene Bank. http: //www., 2011.
IBPGR. Descriptors for Vigna mungo and Vigna radiata (Revised) IBPGR Secretariat, Rome. 23 p. 1985.
H Dijkstra, LJM van Soest. Descriptor list pulses: lupines, peas and faba beans. CGN, Wageningen. 1986. 8p.
XLSTAT. Data Analysis and Statistical Solution for Microsoft Excel. Addinsoft, Paris, France. 2017.
C Sangiri, A Kaga, et al., Genetic diversity of the mungbean (Vigna radiata, Leguminosae) genepool on the basis of microsatellite analysis. Australian Journal of Botany, 55, 2007, 837–847.
KM Basnet, NR Adhikari, MP Pandey. Multivariate analysis among the Nepalese and exotic mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) genotypes based on quality parameters. Universal J. Agric. Res. 2, 2014, 147-155. Doi: 10. 13189/ ujar. 2014. 020502.
VL Mathur. Genetic divergence in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). Indian J. Genet. & Plant Breed. 52, 2010, 428-432.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931