Please enter verification code
Evaluation of Indigenous and High Yielding Rice Varieties for Growing in Tidal Floodplain Ecosystem of Southern Bangladesh
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 237-242
Received: Sep. 1, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 10, 2016; Published: Oct. 27, 2016
Views 4116      Downloads 190
Mohammad Jafar Ullah, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Agronomy, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Aminul Islam, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Harun-or-Rashid, Department of Agronomy, Patuakhali Science & Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh
M. Moksedur Rahman, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. A. Siddique, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Ali Akbar, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Abdur Razzaque, Krishi Gobeshona Foundation, BARC Complex, Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Faruque H. Mollah, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Abdul Hamid, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Growth and yield of three indigenous varieties (Lalmota, Moulata and Sadamota) of aman rice was compared with that of two high yielding varieties (BRRI dhan 41 and BRRI dhan 44) in tidal floodplain ecosystem for two growing seasons. 45 d old seedlings transplanted in seedbed experienced repeated cycles of tidal submergence. Depth and duration of tidal flood differed between two growing seasons. Compared with high yielding varieties (HYVs), indigenous varieties developed longer seedlings and accumulated more dry mass prior to transplanting that helped survive repeated submergence. Planting density of indigenous varieties was about the half that of HYVs but developed more tillers per unit areas than HYVs. Seedlings of HYVs that survived had moderate tillering. HYVs ceased to develop tillers prior to flowering stage but the indigenous varieties continued growing tillers till maturity. In 2011-2012 season, HYVs produced higher yield than indigenous varieties but the trend reversed in the subsequent growing season. Number of panicles per unit area, number of spikelets per panicle, and 1000-grain weight largely contributed to higher yield. In absence of submergence tolerant HYVs, growing of indigenous rice varieties in the south central coastal region of Bangladesh could be the farmers’ better choice.
Indigenous Rice Varieties, On-Farm Trials, Seedling Height, Tidal Floodplain, Growth Stages, Tiller Density, Grain Yield
To cite this article
Mohammad Jafar Ullah, M. Aminul Islam, M. Harun-or-Rashid, M. Moksedur Rahman, M. A. Siddique, M. Ali Akbar, Mohammad Abdur Razzaque, M. Faruque H. Mollah, Abdul Hamid, Evaluation of Indigenous and High Yielding Rice Varieties for Growing in Tidal Floodplain Ecosystem of Southern Bangladesh, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 237-242. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20160506.14
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
SOIL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE (SRDI). Saline Soils of Bangladesh. Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 2010.
SHAMSUZZAMAN, K.M., HAQUE, M.M. Performance of modern varieties of transplanted aman rice and mungbean in selected locations in tidal floodplain, pp. 26-30. In Crop Production in the Coastal Ecosystem: Challenges and Opportunities, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, 2010.
ROY, B. C., HOSSAIN, M. A. AND KHAN, M. A. I. Suitable transplanting time for the modern t. aman rice varieties in tidal non-saline wetland situation of Bangladesh. Pakistan J. of Biol. Sci., 6, 661-665.2003.
DAS, G. C., SAMANTA, S. C., BISWAS, P., SAHA, N. K. BHATTACHARYA, J. Effects of sowing methods on yield attributes and yield of aus rice under the tidal ecosystem. J. Biosci. Agric. Res. 4(1): 01-09. 2015.
HAMID, A., ULLAH, M. J., MOLLAH, M. F. H., AKBAR, M. A. Traditional rice varieties perform better in tidal floodplain. Intl. J. Adv. Res. 3: 1316–1321. 2015.
SARKER, R. K., DE, R. N., REDDY, J. N., RAMAKRISHNAYA, G. Studies on the submergence tolerance mechanism in relation to carbohydrate, chlorophyll and specific leaf weight in rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Plant Physiol. 149:623-625, 1996.
HAQUE, K. M. S., KARIM, M. A., BARI, M. N., ISLAM, M. R. Genotypic variation in the effect of drought stress on phenology, morphology and yield of aus rice. Intl. J. Biosci.8 (6): 73-82, 2016.
AHMED, A. R., DUTTA, B. K., D. C RAY. Response of some rice varieties to different crop management practices towards morphological and yield parameters. Intl. J. Sci. Res. Pub. 5(2): 1-6. 2015.
SAN-OH, Y., KONDO, M., OOKAWA, T., HIRASAWA, T. Ecophysiological analysis on effect of planting pattern on biomass production and grain yield in rice. JARQ 42 (2), 79-89.2008.
Huang, M., Zou, Y., Lian, P., Xia, B., Ibrahim, M., Ao, H. Relationship between grain ield and yield components in super hybrid rice. Agr. Sc. China 10:1537-1544. 2011.
WANG, F., CHENG, F., ZHANG, G.Difference in grain yield and quality among tillers in rice genotypes differing in tillering capacity. Rice Sci. 14(2): 135-140. 2007.
ASHFAQ, M., KHAN, A. S., KHAN, S.H.U., S.H.U. AHMAD, R. Association of various morphological traits with yield and genetic divergence in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol., 14: 55–62. 2012.
TANG, L., ZHU, Y., HANNAWAY, D., MENG, Y., LIU, L., CHEN, L., CAO, W. RiceGrow: A rice growth and productivity model. NJAS - Wageningen J. Life Sci.57(1): 83-92. 2009.
SHEEHY, J. E, MITCHELL, P. L. 2013. Designing rice for the 21st century: the three laws of maximum yield. Discussion Paper Series 48. Los Baños (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 19 p.
JAHN, C. E., MCKAY, J. K., MCNALLY, K. L., MAULEON, R., STEPHENS, J., BUSH, D. R., LEUNG, H., LEACH, J. E. Genetic variation in biomass traits among 20 diverse rice varieties. Plant Physiol. 155: 157-168. 2011.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186