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Planting Arrangement, Population Density and Fertilizer Application Rate for White Maize (Zea mays L.) Production in Bandarban Valley
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 215-224
Received: Aug. 3, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 19, 2016; Published: Oct. 15, 2016
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Authors
Mohammad Ali Akbar, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. A. Siddique, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mong Sanue Marma, Cotton Research Station, Balaghata, Bandarban, Bangladesh
M. Moksedur Rahman, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Rafiqul Islam Molla, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Matiar Rahman, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. Jafar Ullah, Agronomy Department, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Ashraf Hossain, Pulses Research Center, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Abdul Hamid, Agrarian Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
On-farm experiments were conducted in the Bandarban valley during dry season, October 2015 through March, 2016 to investigate the possibility of introducing white maize as human food. Yield response of two maize hybrids (PSC 121 and KS 510) planted in three different row arrangements was evaluated in one experiment. The other experiment determined the optimum fertilizer rate for maize hybrids. Grain yield ranged between 7,103 kg and 10,126 kg per ha across hybrids and planting arrangements. Hybrid PSC 121 recorded 19% more yield than KS 510. Generally grain yield increased with increasing planting density. Planting in twin-rows giving 80,000 plants per ha produced 17.7% higher yield compared with planting in single rows 60 cm apart giving 66,667 plants per ha. Planting in twin-rows produced significantly higher yield compared with single rows. Application of fertilizers at 100% and 50% of recommended rate produced identical but significantly higher grain yield compared to 25% of recommended rates. Increase of maize grain yield was associated with the number of grains per ear and individual grain weight.
Keywords
Bandarban Valley, White Maize, Hybrids, Row Spacing, Planting Density, Fertilizer Rates, Grain Yield
To cite this article
Mohammad Ali Akbar, M. A. Siddique, Mong Sanue Marma, M. Moksedur Rahman, M. Rafiqul Islam Molla, M. Matiar Rahman, M. Jafar Ullah, Mohammad Ashraf Hossain, Abdul Hamid, Planting Arrangement, Population Density and Fertilizer Application Rate for White Maize (Zea mays L.) Production in Bandarban Valley, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 215-224. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20160506.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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