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Effect of Flower Farm Effluents on Diversity and Composition of Macro Invertebrates in Marura Wetland
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 207-214
Received: Aug. 28, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 12, 2016; Published: Oct. 9, 2016
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Authors
Daniel Albert Wandera, Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
Monicah Nanjala Mukhwana, Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, University of Eldoret, Eldoret, Kenya
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Abstract
Wetlands are important sites for biological conservation due to their rich biodiversity which possess high productivity. They also offer shelter to many organisms and offers services such as water purification and flood control. However, biodiversity in wetlands has been reduced due to human activities that cause pollution like, flower farm effluents which are discharged directly to wetlands or river systems. Four water quality parameters; DO, BOD, pH, TDS, TSS and macro-invertebrates composition were investigated at four different stations (S1, S2, S3, S4) adjacent to Equator Flower Farm along the Marura wetland. PAST program was used to calculate diversity indices and richness in the macroinvertebrates communities. Station S2 had the highest temperature (22.6°C), whereas S4 had the lowest temperature (19.6°C). The pH value did not vary along the stations (8.3-6.3). The DO level fluctuated along the river, station S1 had highest level of 3.6 m/l and lowest station S3 had 0.8mg/l. TSS and TDS did not show significant variations, while BOD levels varied with different stations. The highest value of TN was recorded at Station 3 (0.33±0.045mgl-1). There was no significant difference (p=0.055) in three stations (S1, S2, S4) except S3. In total 10 orders, 30 genera and 30 families of macroinvertebrates were identified. The orders; Odonata, Coleoptera, Hemiptera and Diptera were the main macroinvertebrates found in all station, while the members of orders; Ephemeroptera, Trichoptera, Oligochaeta Mollusca, Gnathobellidae and Isopoda were few in all sampling stations. Station S2 and S4 had the highest species diversity compared to station S1 and S3 which had the lowest diversity. DO, BOD and temperature were found to have a significant effect on abundance and composition of benthic organisms with S3 having less abundance due to its proximity to the flower farm.
Keywords
Bioindicators, Benthic Macroinvertebrate, Wetlands, Water Quality
To cite this article
Daniel Albert Wandera, Monicah Nanjala Mukhwana, Effect of Flower Farm Effluents on Diversity and Composition of Macro Invertebrates in Marura Wetland, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 207-214. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20160506.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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