Analyzing Risks Related to the Use of Pesticides in Vegetable Gardens in Burkina Faso
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 165-172
Received: Sep. 30, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 14, 2014; Published: Jul. 4, 2015
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Authors
Rayim Wendé Alice Naré, Laboratoire Sol-Eau-Plante. Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Paul Windinpsidi Savadogo, Laboratoire Sol-Eau-Plante. Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Zacharia Gnankambary, Laboratoire Sol-Eau-Plante. Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Hassan Bismarck Nacro, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche sur la Fertilité des Sols (LERF), Université Polytechnique de Bobo Dioulasso (UPB), Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Michel Papaoba Sedogo, Laboratoire Sol-Eau-Plante. Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
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Abstract
In West Africa, the uncontrolled use of pesticides by vegetable farmers leads to contamination of soils as well as surface and ground water. Farmers also use various sources of organic amendments which could impact the fate of the pesticides in soils. This study was conducted to identify the type of pesticides and organic amendments used in the main vegetable gardens in Ouagadougou, Ouahigouya and Bobo-Dioulasso three cities of Burkina Faso. Farmers were interviewed individually on their practices regarding organic amendments and pesticides. Sixty one percent (61%) of farmers do not know the instruction regarding the application of pesticides. Fifty three percent (53%) of farmers did never receive training on pesticide application. We found that pyrethroid-based insecticides like lambda-cyhalothrin and delthametrin were the most used by farmers. About 69%, 59% and 100% of the farmers apply the pesticides periodically in their fields respectively in Ouagadougou, Ouahigouya and Bobo-Dioulasso. All the farmers interviewed attested that they do not respect the recommended doses of pesticides. Manure was the organic amendment mostly used in the three cities (41-75%), followed by household garbage (15-41%). In Ouagadougou most of farmers (69%) apply organic amendment at the recommended rate or more while in Bobo-Dioulasso (69%) and in Ouahigouya (57%), the majority apply low rates. There is a correlation between the social status (sex and the education level) and the pesticide and organic amendment management.
Keywords
Soil, Pesticides, Organic Amendment, Environment Pollution, Burkina Faso
To cite this article
Rayim Wendé Alice Naré, Paul Windinpsidi Savadogo, Zacharia Gnankambary, Hassan Bismarck Nacro, Michel Papaoba Sedogo, Analyzing Risks Related to the Use of Pesticides in Vegetable Gardens in Burkina Faso, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 165-172. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150404.13
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