Please enter verification code
Assessing the Effectiveness of Ethnomedicinal Products on Banana Weevils Using REML
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 420-426
Received: Oct. 6, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 24, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
Views 3443      Downloads 257
Bwogi Godfrey, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Mwine Julius, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Jumba Francis, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Murongo Marius, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P.O Box 5498 Kampala, Uganda
Grace Njeri Njoroge, Faculty of Science, Jomo Kenyatta University of Science and Technology, P.O Box 62000 Nairobi, Kenya
Kabango Freddie, Production Department, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P.O Box 634 Masaka District, Uganda
Mutumba Nakulima Kyeswa Pross, Production Department, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P.O Box 634 Masaka District, Uganda
Article Tools
Follow on us
This study investigated the effect of applying selected banana pest control treatments on management of banana weevils. The data was collected on 283 banana plants picked at random; from 29 farmers selected using a snowball sampling technique. Treatments used were ethnomedicinal products, synthetic chemicals, cultural practices in plantation planted from suckers and those planted from tissue culture. Since data was spatially collected, it was analyzed using Restricted Maximum likelihood Estimator (REML). REML was used to estimate the PCI after a square root transformation. The statistical analysis indicated a significant difference between plantations where synthetic chemicals, clean planting materials (tissue culture), cultural practices and ethnomedicinal products were used. There was also significant variation resulting from different varieties grown. However, there was no significant variation resulting from the response of different varieties to the different treatments. Results also indicated that garden where the cleaning materials had been used had the least percentage of banana weevil infection. This study found out that there was no significant difference in damage caused by banana weevils in banana plantations where synthetic chemicals and ethnomedicinal extracts were applied. Thus given the results, the study concluded that ethnomedicinal products can be used by farmers to manage banana weevils. The study recommends that further studies should be carried out to assess efficacy of the identified potential plants with pesticidal properties under controlled experiment.
Ethnomedicine, Restricted Maximum Likelihood, Percentage Coefficient of Infestation
To cite this article
Bwogi Godfrey, Mwine Julius, Jumba Francis, Murongo Marius, Grace Njeri Njoroge, Kabango Freddie, Mutumba Nakulima Kyeswa Pross, Assessing the Effectiveness of Ethnomedicinal Products on Banana Weevils Using REML, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 420-426. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140305.25
FAO, 2002. The World Banana Economy, 1985-2002 Trade and Markets Division Washington DC ISBN: 9251050570
Spilsbury J. Jagwe N. and Fernes R. SB., 2002. Evaluating the Marketing Opportunities of Banana and its Products in Principle Banana growing Countries; Food net and IITA.
Bosch, C. Lorkeers A., Ndile M. R. and Sentozi E. 1995. Diagnostic survey: Constraints to banana productivity in Bukoba and Muleba Districts, Kagera region, Tanzania. Tanzania/Netherlands Farming Systems Research Project/ Lake Zone. Working Paper No. 8
Katherine Killebrew and Hendrik Wolff 2010, Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Technologies EPAR Brief No. 65 Evans School Policy Analysis and Research (EPAR) of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation University of Washington
Gold .S Clifford and Messiaen S, 2000. The Banana Weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus; Réseau International pour l’amélioration de la Banane et de la Banane Plantain, Parc Scientifique Agropolis II, 34397 Montpellier Cedex 5, FRANCE Tel : 33-(0)4 67 61 13 02 - Fax : 33-(0)4 67 61 03 34 - e-mail : - Internet : http://www inibap org. [Accessed 24/5/13]
Philippe Tixier, Fabrice Vinatier, Juan Cabrera Cabrera, Ángeles Padilla Cubas, Justin Okolle, Christian Chabrier, Michel Guillon , 2010. Integrated Pest Management of black weevil in banana cropping systems; Cropping System Research Unit, CIRAD, and France.
Adeleke Salami, Abdul B. Kamara and Zuzana Brixiova 2010 Smallholder Agriculture in East Africa: Trends, Constraints and Opportunities African Development Bank Angle des trois rues: Avenue du Ghana, Rue Pierre de Coubertin, Rue Hédi Nouira BP 323 -1002 TUNIS belvédère (Tunisia)
Mugisha-Kamatenesi M, Deng A, Ogendo J, Omolo E, Mihale M, Otim M, Buyungo J, Bett P (2008). Indigenous knowledge of field insectpests and their management around Lake Victoria Basin in Uganda. Afr. J. Environ. Science and Technology
Berger Amalie, 1994. Twice Humanity: Implications to local and Global Resource Use. Nordiska Africainstitutet, Uppsala Forum for Development Studies, Uppsala University, ISBN 917106 415X
Joy. P.P, Thomas J, Mathew S. and Shakaria, 1998. Medicinal Plants Kerala, Agricultural University Kerala.
Inyanga .U.E and Emosarie, 2005. Laboratory assessment of Repellent and Anti feedants Properties of Aqueous Extracts of Plants against Banana weevils; Dept of Crop Science University of Uyo, Nigeria .V.C.
Musabyimana, 1999. Neem Seed Management of Banana Weevils, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) and Banana Parasitic Nematodes Complex, PHD Thesis Kenyatta University, Nairobi.
Umeh, D. Onukwu, Adebowale E.M. and Thomas J., 2010. Wohlgemuth Control Options for Banana Weevil (Cosmopolites sordidus) and Termites (Microtermes spp.) on Banana and Plantain (Musa spp.) Nigeria National Horticultural Research Institute, Jericho Reservation Area: P.M.B. 5432, Idi-Ishin, Ibadan, Nigeria
Mwine, Julius, P. Vandamme, G. Kamoga and F. Jumba (2010). Ethnobotanical Surveys of pesticidal plants Used in southern Uganda: A case study of Masaka; Journal of Medicinal Plant Research Volume 5. [ accessed on 27/02/13]
Suman Bukka, Sailaja and Thuaga Raju, 2011. The study of Morphology, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Rhinacathus nasistus (L) King (A review). Journal of Applied Pharmatical Science http// [Accessed 19/6/13]
Anand Prakash, Jagadiswari Rao and Nandagopal V. 2008. Future of botanical pesticides in rice, wheat, pulses and vegetables pest management. Journal of Biopesticide
Patterson, H.D. and Thompson, R. (1971). Recovery of inter-block information when block sizes are unequal. Biometrika,
Welham Sue 2008. Restricted Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Linear Mixed Models. Rothamsted Research, Harpenden UK- AL5-2JQS
Benjamin M. Bolker,1 Mollie E. Brooks1, Connie J. Clark1, Shane W. Geange2, John R. Poulsen1, M. Henry H. Stevens3 and Jada-Simone S. White, 2009 Generalized Linear Mixed Models: A Practical Guide for Ecology and Evolution 1.Department of Botany and Zoology, University of Florida, PO Box 118525, Gainesville, FL 32611-8525, USA;
Smith G. K. and Verbyla A. P., 1996. A Conditional Approach to Residual Maximum Likelihood Estimation in Generalized Linear Models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Australia
Ross Kenneth N. 2003. Sample Design for Educational Survey Research, International Institute for Educational Planning/UNESCO 7-9 rue Eugène-Delacroix, 75116 Paris, France
Oginga Latigo and Bakyalire, 1993. Use of Pseudo stems and Percentage Coefficient of Infestation and Damage by Cosmopolites Sordidus (Germar), Department of Crop Science, Makerere University, P.O Box7002 Kampala, Uganda.
Gold S. Clifford, 2001. Biology and Integrated Pest Management of Banana Weevils Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar). Advancing Banana Plantain Research and Development in Asia and Pacific Vol. 10 INABP-ASPNNET, Los Bons.
Knight Emma, 2008. Improved Iterative Schemes for REML Estimation of Variance Parameters in Linear Mixed Models. School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, the University of Adelaide.
Macguigan Claire, Zake Fred, Luswata-Kibanda David, Nyabuntu and Semwanga James, 2005. Developing and Promoting Principles for the Ugandan Agro Business Sector: Business Service Market Development, Department for International Development (DFID) and International Labour Organisation (ILO).
Uganda National Council for Science and Technology (UNCST), 2007 The biology of bananas and plantains PBS US Agency for International Development (USAID) funded Project
Tiinzara. W, A. Barekye, Gold Clifford, Nankinga Caroline, Kagezi Godfrey, Ragana R., Tushemererwe W. and Blomme G., 2003. Effect of Cultural Practices, Biorationals and Neem on Banana weevils and Nematodes in Masaka District, Uganda: INBAP (IITA) Kampala, Uganda. Cedex 5, FRANCE Tel: 33-(0)4 67 61 13 02 - Fax: 33-(0)4 67 61 03 34 E-mail : - Internet : . [Accessed 24/5/13]
Treverrow N., Peasley D., Ireland G., 1992. Banana weevil borer, a pest management handbook for banana growers. Banana Industry Committee, New South Wales Agriculture, NSW, Australia.
De Graaf1 J., P. Govender2, A. S. Schoeman2, A. Viljoen3 (2008) Efficacy of cultural control measures against the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar), in South Africa Journal of Applied Entomology Volume 132, Issue 1
Reddy Sesh, Ngonde Sssenyonga.J.W, Waludde M.W, Onyango M.,Ngoza S, Adede T.O, 1998. Management of Banana pests and Disease in Kenya, Status Report: Mobilising IPM for Sustainable Banana Production in Africa Conference Preceding in Nelspruit, 1998 INIBAP, Montpellier , 1999 ISBN – 2-9108 10-33.
Kiggundu A., 2000. Host Plant Reaction and Resistance Mechanism to Banana Weevils, Cosmopolites Sordidus (Germar) in Uganda Germplasm , Orange state University South Africa.
Speijer, P.R., Gold, C.S., Karamura, E.B. and Kashaija, I.N. 1994. Banana weevil and Nematode distribution patterns in highland systems in Uganda: preliminary results from a diagnostic survey. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. ACSS,Kampala.
Peasely D.l. and Trevellow N. (1985) Count and Dry : a Banana Weevil Borer Management Program
Bagamba F. 1, 3, Burger K. 2 and Tushemereirwe W.K1. Banana (Musa spp.) Production Characteristics and Performance in Uganda.
1. National Banana Research Programme, Kawanda, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), P.O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda.
2. Development Economics Leeuwenborch Hollandseweg 1 6706 KN Wagennigen, the Netherlands; 3Current Address: Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186