Please enter verification code
Special Issues
A Key for Identification of Spiders at Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015, Pages: 13-23
Received: Jul. 21, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 22, 2015; Published: Sep. 2, 2015
Views 5954      Downloads 153
Ahmad H. Obuid-Allah, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Amal A. Mahmoud, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
ElAmier H. M. Hussien, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Spiders are one of the more diverse arthropod taxa, ranking seventh in global diversity, which makes them a fascinating group to study [1]. The correct identification of many spider species is considered problematic due to complex variation in morphology [2]. The Egyptian spider fauna are incompletely known due to scarcity of studies on this group especially in Upper Egypt. So, the present key for identifying terrestrial spiders at Qena Governorate is a part of a comprehensive study conducted at the region to study the ecology and taxonomy of this group. The present key was designed to facilitate identification of terrestrial spiders at Qena Governorate using their morphological characteristics. Samples of spiders were collected during a period of one year (from February, 2012 till January, 2013) from six different sites covering Qena governorate. Qena (15-260 N, 32-500 E) is located at Upper Egypt about 600 Km south of Cairo and 60 Km north of Luxor and 260 Km west of the Red Sea. Climate of Qena is hot, dry in summer and cold in winter. It rarely rains. Also, it receives a large quantity of solar radiation; especially in summer. Sampling methods of spiders included hand picking, sweep net and pitfall trap. Survey results revealed the occurrence of 14 families that included 23 genera and 23species. The present key for the collected families and species was designed and illustrated using taxonomic characteristics of each species.
Systematic Key, Spiders, Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt
To cite this article
Ahmad H. Obuid-Allah, Amal A. Mahmoud, ElAmier H. M. Hussien, A Key for Identification of Spiders at Qena Governorate, Upper Egypt, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: New Horizons in Basic and Applied Zoological Research. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2015, pp. 13-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2015030601.13
Coddington, J. A. and Levi, H. (1991): Systematics and evolution of spiders (Araneae). Annu. Rev. Ecol. System, 22: 565-592.
Barrett, R. D. H. and Hebert, P. D. N. (2005): Identifying spiders through DNA barcodes. Can J. Zool. 83:481–491.
Levi, H. W. and Levi, L. R. (1990): Spiders and Their Kin. A golden Guide. Golden Press, New York, 160pp.
World Spider Catalog (2015): World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at, version 16, accessed on {May 10, 2015}.
Wise, D. H. (1993): Spiders in Ecological Webs. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK., 342 pp.
Sewlal, J. N. and Cutler, B. (2003): Annotated list of spider families of Trinidad and Tobago (Araneida). Living World, J. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists’ Club, 9-13.
Maelfait, J.P. and Baert, L. (1988a): Les araignées sont-elles de bons indicateurs écologiques? C.R. Xème Coll. europ. Arachnol., Bulletin de la Société scientifique de Bretagne 59, H.S. 1: 155-160.
Maelfait, J.P. and Baert, L. (1988b): L'usage pratique des araignées en tant qu'indicateurs écologiques. C.R. Xlème Coll. europ. Arachnol. TUB Dokurnentation Kongresse u nd Tagungen, Berlin 38: 110-117.
Maelfait, J. P. (1996): Spiders as bioindicators. In: VAN STRAALEN, N.M. & KRIVOLUTSKY, D.M. [eds.]. Bioindicator Systems for Soil Pollution. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht: 165-178.
Marc, P.; Canard, A. and Ysnel, F. (1999): Spiders (Araneae) useful for pest limitation and bioindication. Agric., Ecosyst. Environ. 74:229-273.
Maelfait, J. P.; Baert, L.; Janssen, M. and Weireldt, A. M. (1998): A Red List for the spiders of Flanders. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 68: 131-142.
Tikader, B. K. (1987): Handbook of Indian Spiders. Calcutta, Zoological Survey of India, 251 p.
Barrion, A. T. and Litsinger, J. A. (1995): Riceland spiders of South and Southeast Asia. CAB International, Wallingford, England, 736 p.
Petrunkevitch, A. (1939): Catalogue of American Spiders. Vol. 1. Trans. Connect. Acad. Sei., 33: 133-338.
Levi, H. W. and Levi, L. R. (1968): A Guide to Spiders and Their Kin., Golden Press. New York: 160 pp.
Kaston, B. J. (1978): How to know the spiders. 3rd Ed, W.C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa, U.S.A., 272 pp.
Roth, V. D. (1993): Spider genera of North America. Private Publication. Portal, AZ., 201 p.
Dippenaar-Schoeman, A. S. (1977): The biology of Pardosa crassipalpis Purcell (Araneae: Lycosidae), Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 40: 225-236.
Levi, H. W.; Levi, L. R.; Zim, H. S. and Strekalovsky, N. (2002): Spiders and Their Kin, Golden Books Publishing Company, New York.
Ubick, D.; Paquin, P.; Cushing, P. E. and Roth, V. (eds). (2005): Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society,
EI-Hennawy, K. H. (2006): A list of Egyptian spiders (revised in 2006). Serket (2006) vol. 10 (2): 65-76.
Jocqué, R. and Dippenaar-Schoeman, A. S. (2006): Spiders families of the world. Belgium, Peteers nv, Royal Museum for Central Africa, 336p.
Hussien, E. H. M. (2011): Taxonomical and Ecological Studies on terrestrial spiders (Arachnida) in Qena City, M.Sc. thesis, Zoology Department faculty of science, South Valley University, 217 pp.
Koch, C. L. (1837): Uebersicht des Arachnidensystems 1. C. H. Zeh’sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, 39 pp.
Cambridge, O. P. (1876): Catalogue of a collection of spiders made in Egypt, with descriptions of new species and characters of a new genus. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1876: 541-630. p.558.
Simon, E. (1895): Histoire naturelle des Araignées. Vol. 1. Roret, Paris, 1084 pp.
Forskål, P. (1775): Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in itinere orientali. Ed. Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae, 1775. 164 pp.
Lehtinen, P. T. (1967): Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4, 468 pp.
EI-Hennawy, K. H. (2001): Catalogue and Bibliography of Genus Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 (Arachnida: Araneida: Miturgidae). Serket, 7(4): 114-155.
Pocock, R. I. (1898): The Arachnida from the province of Natal, South Africa, contained in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 2 (7): 197-226.
Audouin, V. (1825): Explication sommaire des planches d'Arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie, publiée par Jules-César Savigny. In: Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations etdes recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'Expédition de l'armée française. Histoire Naturelle. Tome Premier 1809. Paris. 4e partie, pp. 99-186. Atlas: pls. 1-9 (Arachnides).
Simon, E. (1882): Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso,dei signori G.Doria ed O.Beccari con il R.Avviso "Exploratore" dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880. II. Etude sur les Arachnides de l'Yemen Méridional. Ann.Mus.Civ.St.Nat.Genova, 18: 207-260, pl.8.
Blackwall, J. (1859): Descriptions of newly discovered spiders captured by James Yate Johnson Esq., in the island of Madeira. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (Ser. 3), 4:255–267.
Wider, K. F. (1834): Beschreibung der Arachniden. In: REUSS A. (Hrsg.): Zoologische Miscellen. – Abh. Mus. Senckenberg, 1: 195-281.
Sundevall, C. J. (1833): Conspectus Arachnidum. Londini Gothorum, pp. 1-39.
Cambridge, O. P. (1872a): General list of the spiders of Palestine and Syria, with descriptions of numerous new species, and characters of two new genera. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1871: 212-354.
Cambridge, O. P. (1872b): Descriptions of twenty-four new species of Erigone. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872: 747-769.
Blackwall, J. (1862): Descriptions of newly-discovered spiders from the Island of Madeira. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (Ser. 3), 9:370–382.
Thorell, T. (1870): On European Spiders. Nova Acta Regicae Societatis Scientiarum Uppsaliensis, 7: 109–242.
Muster, C. (2009): The Ebo-like running crab spiders in the Old World (Araneae, Philodromidae). ZooKeys, 16: 47-73.
Koch, C. L. (1851): Übersicht des Arachnidensystems 5. C. H. Zeh’sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, 104 pp.
Walckenaer, C. A. (1837): Histoire Naturelle des Insectes Aptères. (Paris) 1: 1-682 pl. 1-15.
Blackwall, J. (1841): On the number and structure of the mammillae employed by spiders in the process of spinning. Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 18:219-224.
Rossi, F. W. (1846): Neue Arten von Arachniden des k.k. Museums, beschrieben und mit Bemerkungen uber verwandte Formen begleitet. Naturw. Abh. Wien, 1: 11-19.
Bertkau, P. (1872): Ueberdie Respirationsorgane der Araneen.lnaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doctorwllrde der philosophischen Fakultat der Rheinischen FriedrichWilhelms-Universitat zu Bonn. - Arch. Naturg., 38 (2): 208-233.
Simon, E. (1880): Descriptions de trois nouvelles espèces d'Arachnides d'Egypte, reçues de M. A. Letourneux. Ann. Soc. ent. Fr., (5)10.Bull: 98-99.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186