Isolation of Coprophilous Mycoflora from Different Dung Types in Some Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 3-1, May 2017, Pages: 24-29
Received: Jan. 19, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 9, 2017; Published: Feb. 28, 2017
Views 3083      Downloads 73
Authors
Mohammed N., Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Gusau, Gusau, Nigeria
Shinkafi S. A., Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University Gusau, Gusau, Nigeria
Enagi M. Y., Department of Biological Sciences, Ibrahim Badamasi University, Lapai, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study investigated coprophilous mycoflora on different dung types in some Area of Niger State. Dung samples of four herbivorous animals (Camel, Cow, Donkey and Horse) were collected from three areas (Enagi, Lapai and New Bussa) in Niger State, Nigeria. The dungs were dried in the Department of Biological Sciences Laboratory, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai. A total of six (6) species of macro fungi (Agaricus campestris, Panaeolus papilionaceus, Agaricus bisphorus, Protostropharia semiglobata, Deconica coprophila, Copelandia cyanescens) and six (6) species of micro fungi (Aspergilous. niger, A flavus, A. fumigates, Alternaria sp, Pencillium sp, and Rhizopus stolonifer) were isolated. A. campestris has the highest percentage (40%) of macro fungi (from cow dung), while the least was A. bisphorus with (0.02%). Alternaria sp has the highest (33.26%) among the micro fungi isolated. From horse dung, A. fumigates was isolated with the least percentage of occurrence of 0.10% among the micro fungi. On this note, the animal dung investigated consists of both edible and poisonous fungi. Public enlightenment is therefore recommended on the good and bad effects these fungi. They may also be harnessed for industrial use.
Keywords
Coprophilous, Fungi, Dung, Mycoflora, Microfungi, Macrofungi
To cite this article
Mohammed N., Shinkafi S. A., Enagi M. Y., Isolation of Coprophilous Mycoflora from Different Dung Types in Some Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: Environmental Toxicology. Vol. 5, No. 3-1, 2017, pp. 24-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2017050301.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Heino Lepp, F. (2012). Acarosporacitrina, Australian National Botanical Garden and Australian National Herbarium, Camberra. Pp; 111
[2]
Heino Lepp and Fagg M. (2009). Dung Fungi. Australian National Botanic Gardenss. Pp 431-437.
[3]
Richardson, M. J. (2001). Diversity and occurrence of coprophilous fungi. Caribbean Journal of Science Pp.105-115.
[4]
Krug, J. C., Benny, G. L, Keller, H. W. (2004). Coprophilous fungi, in Mueller G.m, Bills G. F., Foster M. S., editors. (ed), Biodiversity of fungi: Inventory and monitoring methods. Elsevier, San Diego, Ca. pp 500
[5]
Demain, A. L., Velasco, J., Adrio, J. L. (2005). Industrial mycology: past, present and future. p. 1-26 In An Z., editor. (ed.), Handbook of industrial mycology. CRC Press, New York.
[6]
Østergaard, L. H., Olsen, H. S. (2010). Industrial applications of fungal enzymes, p. 269-290 In Hofrichter M., editor. (ed.), The mycota. A comprehensive treatise on fungi as experimental systems for basic and applied research, vol. 10. Industrial applications. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
[7]
Banerjee, G., Scott-Craig J. S., Walton, J. D. (2010). Improving enzymes for biomass conversion: a basic research perspective. Bioenergy Research 3: 82–92.
[8]
Teter, S. A. and Cherry, J. R. (2005). Improving cellulose hydrolysis with new cellulase compositions, p. 12027–12033 In AIChE Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, Cincinnati, OH.
[9]
Vinzant, T. B., Adney, W. S and Decker, S. R. (2001). Fingerprinting Trichoderma reesei hydrolases in a commercial cellulase preparation. Applied Biochemistry in Biotechnology 91–93:99–107.
[10]
Abdullah, S. K. & Rattan S. S. (1978). Zygopleurage, Tripterosporella and Podospora (Sordariaceae: Pyrenomycetes) in Iraq. — Mycotaxon 7: 102-116.
[11]
Mungi, C., Carris, L. M., C. R. Little, and C. M. Stiles. (2012). Introduction to Fungi. The Plant This classification is used in the Dictionary of the Fungi.
[12]
Lundqvist, N. (1969). Zygopleurage and Zygospermella (Sordariaceae s. lat., Pyrenomycetes). Botaniska Notiser. 122: 353 — 354. (1972). Nordic Sordariaceae lat. — Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 20: 1-374.
[13]
Bell, A. (2005). An illustrated Guide to the Mycosphere Doi10.5943/mycosphere /3/2/2/ Coprophilous Ascomycetes of Australia. CBS Biodiversity Series 3. pp 201-211.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186