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Effects of Replacing Soybean Meal with Jojoba Meal in Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Diets on Fish Performance
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015, Pages: 62-68
Received: Sep. 21, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2015; Published: Nov. 29, 2015
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Norhan E. Saleh, Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Aquaculture Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Mohamed M. Toutou, Fish Nutrition Laboratory, Aquaculture Division, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
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The study aimed to investigate the effect of replacing soybean meal (SBM) by treated, either by heat (HJM) or by boiling (BJM), Jojoba meal (JM), to eliminate the negative effects of antinutritional factors, at 10, 20 and 30% replacing levels in diets of sea bream (Sparus aurata)) fingerlings on growth performance, nutrient utilization, body biochemical composition, middle intestine morphology and measuring of some hematological parameters of sea bream. Results indicated an enhancement in growth and feed utilization for all fish groups fed boiled followed by heated jojoba meal at 20% inclusion level compared to the control and other tested fish groups. Results of fish biochemical analyses indicate significant increase in crude protein contents in fish fed 10 and 20% HJM and 20% BJM. The present results also showed obvious increment in lipid contents as the level of JM inclusion level increase. Serum total protein, albumin and globulin levels indicated no negative effects when soybean meal was partially replaced by jojoba meal. Also, results indicate pronounced gradual decrease in serum cholesterol levels coincided with an increase in triglyceride. Middle intestine morphology examination showed significant variations in thickness of muscularis layer, villi length and width and also number of goblet cells.
"Jojoba Meal, Soybean Meal, Growth, Feed Utilization, Body Composition, Serum Constituents, Middle Intestine Morphology "
To cite this article
Norhan E. Saleh, Mohamed M. Toutou, Effects of Replacing Soybean Meal with Jojoba Meal in Sea Bream (Sparus aurata) Diets on Fish Performance, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: New Horizons in Basic and Applied Zoological Research. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2015, pp. 62-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2015030601.19
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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