Healthy Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Breast Cancer: A Review of Current Data
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Nov. 12, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 14, 2014; Published: Nov. 22, 2014
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Authors
Zahra Bahadoran, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Zeinab Karimi, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Somayeh Abedini, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Abstract
There is growing evidence that healthy dietary patterns including Mediterranean, prudent, traditional and plant-food based dietary patterns could have favorable effects in breast cancer prevention but there are inconsistencies in this regard. In the current study we reviewed the current evidences in relation to healthy dietary patterns and the risk of breast cancer. Both positive and negative association between Mediterranean dietary pattern and scores as well as prudent and traditional diet and breast cancer risk were observed in case-control and cohort studies. These conflicting findings might be explained by several issue including different dietary assessment methods, different definitions of Mediterranean dietary pattern and score, measurement errors, race differences, and potential confounding variables adjusted in the models. The healthy dietary patterns with high loading of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes had been mainly accompanied with a considerable reduced risk of breast cancer in different races. It should be noted that menopausal and tumor's hormone receptor status, as well as body mass index of women had determinant role in the association of healthy dietary patterns and breast cancer risk. Protective effects of healthy dietary patterns against breast cancer were mainly observed in women with normal body weight (BMI<25 kg/m2). Further studies are required to clear the associations of dietary patterns and breast cancer risk.
Keywords
Breast Cancer, Dietary Pattern, Mediterranean Diet, Prudent/Healthy Dietary Pattern, Traditional Diet
To cite this article
Zahra Bahadoran, Zeinab Karimi, Somayeh Abedini, Healthy Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Breast Cancer: A Review of Current Data, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: Nutrition and Cancer. Vol. 3, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2015030201.11
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