Please enter verification code
Confirm
Archive
Special Issues
Genotype x Environment Interaction and AMMI Analysis of Oil Yield Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Genotypes in Northern Ethiopia
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 165-171
Received: Mar. 11, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 3, 2020; Published: Sep. 28, 2020
Views 93      Downloads 75
Authors
Yirga Belay Kindeya, Crop Department, Humera Agricultural Research Center (HuARC), Tigray, Ethiopia
Firew Mekbib, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, School of Plant Science, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Haramya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Eyasu Abraha Alle, Crop Department, Tigray Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) General Director, Tigray, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study was conducted to evaluate the nature and magnitude of Genotype x Environment Interaction (GEI) for oil yield of sesame genotypes and to identify stable and promising genotypes for general and specific adaptations across sesame growing areas of northern Ethiopia: Humera, Dansha, Maykadra, Sheraro, Wargiba and Gendawuha. Randomized Complete Block Designs (RCBD) with three replications across all the environments used. Seventeen white seeded sesame genotypes were evaluated in all locations. The combined analysis of variance revealed that highly significance difference (p<0.001) among genotypes, environments and GEI for oil yield. The grand mean oil yield over six environments was 296.6kg/ha and the mean oil yield of genotypes across six environments ranged between 125.48kg/ha in Humera to 531.21kg/ha in Sheraro, respectively. High mean oil yield variation was detected among genotypes ranged between 193.6 kg/ha for G8 and 409.4kg/ha for G1 respectively. The oil yield of genotypes varied to different environments with rank changed, this variation among genotypes indicating that selection should be based on mean oil yield performances of the genotypes to their respective environments. According to stability models, AMMI Stability Value (ASV), Yield Stability Index (YSI) and Environmental Index (EI) land racegumero and HuRC-4 were identified as the most stable and higheroil yield were recommended for wider areas. While, HuRC-2and Acc 227880 were unstable accompanied with high oil yield performance will be recommended for specific environments.
Keywords
ASV, GEI, Oil Yield, Northern Ethiopia, White Seeded Sesame, YSI
To cite this article
Yirga Belay Kindeya, Firew Mekbib, Eyasu Abraha Alle, Genotype x Environment Interaction and AMMI Analysis of Oil Yield Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Genotypes in Northern Ethiopia, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 165-171. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20200805.22
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Pathak, N., Rai, A. K., Kumari, R., Thapa, A. and Bhat, K. V. (2014) Sesame Crop: An Underexploited Oilseed Holds Tremendous Potential for Enhanced Food Value. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 519-529.
[2]
Anilakumar, R. K., Pal, A., Khanum, F. and Bawa, A. S. (2010). Nutritional, medicinal and industrial uses of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds, Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 75 (4): 159-168.
[3]
Seegler, C. J. P. (1983). Oil plants in Ethiopia, their plants and Agriculture Significance. PUUDOC, Wageningen, The nether lands.
[4]
Weiss, E. A. (2000). Oilseed Crops. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science ltd., London. pp: 660.
[5]
Ghafoor, A., Arshad, I. A. and Muhammad, F. (2005). Stability and adaptability analysis in sunflower from eight locations in Pakistan. Journal of Applied Science, 5 (1): 118-121.
[6]
Yebio, W., Fanous, M., Coulman, B. and Omran, A. (1993). Genotype x environment study on sesame in Ethiopia. In: Oil Crops Newsletter: The IDRC Oilcrops Network Project and the Institute of Agricultural Research. In (Omran A. (ed.). No. 8, A. A., Ethiopia. pp: 23-27.
[7]
Mekonnen Misganaw, FirewMekbib and Adugna Wakjira. (2015). GEI interaction of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in Eastern Amhara region, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (21): 2226-2239.
[8]
Mohammed and Firew. (2015). Phenotypic Stability Analysis of Oil Yield in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties across the Awash Valleys in Ethiopia. Journal of Advances in Agriculture, (5): 2, 650-657.
[9]
Gauch, H. G. (1988). Model selection and validation for yield trials with interaction, Biometrics, 44, Pp. 705-715.
[10]
Zobel, R. W., Wright, M. J. and Gauch. H. G. (1988). Statistical analysis of a yield trial. Agronomy Journal, 80, pp. 388–39.
[11]
Crossa, J., Gauch, H. G. and Zobel, R. W. (1990). Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction analysis of two international maize cultivar trials. Crop Science, 30: 493-500.
[12]
Bereket and Yirgalem. (2012). Report for soil and metrological data Ethiopia Meteorology Agency Tigray branch, Meteorology data for (Dansha, Humera, and Maykadra).
[13]
IPMS-ETHIOPIA. (2005). Improved Productivity Market Success Description of Metema District. Pilot Survey. p. 7.
[14]
Humera Agricultural Research Center (2019) annual report.
[15]
Abdi, H. and Williams, J. L. (2010). Computational Statistics: Principal Component Analysis, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews.
[16]
Abdurahman Beshir. (2009). Genotype by Environment Interaction and yield stability of Maize hybrids evaluated in Ethiopia, M. Sc. thesis, Department of Plant Sciences/Plant Breeding.
[17]
Kaiser, H. F. (1960). The application of electronic computers to factor analysis.
[18]
Cattell, R. B. (1966) The Scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate behavioral research, 1, pp. 245-276.
[19]
GenStat. (2009). Gen Stat for Windows (16th Edition) Introduction. VSN International, Hemel Hempstead.
[20]
Gauch, H. G. and Zobel, R. W. (1997). Identifying mega environments and targeting genotypes. Crop Science, 37: 311-326.
[21]
Farshadfar, E., Vaisi, Z. and Yaghotipoor, A. (2011). Non parametric estimation of phenotypic stability in Wheat-barley disomic addition lines, Annals of Biological Research, 2 (6): 586-598.
[22]
Steel, R. G. and Torrie, J. H. (1980). Principles and procedures of statistics. McGraw-Hill, New York.
[23]
Mohammed. (2015). Genotype x Environment analysis for seed yield and its components in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) evaluated across diverse agro-ecologies of the awash valleys in Ethiopia. Journal of Advanced Studies in Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences, (2), 4: 1-14. 432.
[24]
Fiseha Baraki, Yemane Tsehaye and Fetien Abay. (2015). AMMI analysis of Genotype x Environment interaction and stability analysis of sesame genotypes in northern Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Plant Science, 13 (4-8): 178-183.
[25]
Purchase, J. L., Hatting, H. and Vandenventer, Cs. (2000). G x E interaction of wheat: stability analysis of yield performance. South Africa Journal of Plant Science, 17: 101-107.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186