Special Issues
Heavy Metals Status in Some Commercially Important Fishes of Meghna River Adjacent to Narsingdi District, Bangladesh: Health Risk Assessment
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 60-70
Received: Apr. 27, 2016; Accepted: May 6, 2016; Published: May 30, 2016
Views 5049      Downloads 235
Md. Simul Bhuyan, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Muhammad Abu Bakar, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Aysha Akhtar, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Md. Shafiqul Islam, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
The present study was carried out to determine the heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Al, Cu, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, Co) in the muscles of 32 fish species for 3 seasons in Meghna River. The heavy metals were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The estimated concentrations of all metals in the present study were lower than the limits permitted by FAO, WHO, EU, United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), US Environment Protection Agency (US/EPA) and England Guidelines except the concentrations of Pb & Zn that were found above the allowable ranges in different fishes namely Amblypharyngnodon mola. Colisa lalia, Tetraodon cutcutia, Barbodes sarana, Labeo calbasu, Puntius sarena, Ompok pabda, Aila coila, Mastacembelus armatus, Glossogobius giuris, Nandus nandu, Tenualosa ilisha, Lepidocephalichthys guntea, Xenentodon cancila, Stinging catfish. Multivariate statistical analysis such as principal component analysis and correlation matrix showed significant anthropogenic intrusions of Zn, Al, Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni, Fe, Mn, Cr, Co in fishes. There was significant positive correlation between Cd vs Co (0.733), moderate positive correlation between Fe vs Al (0.568), Ni vs Co (0.482), Mn vs Co (0.395) which indicate that their common origin especially from industrial effluents, municipal wastes and agricultural inputs.
Heavy Metal, Multivariate Analysis, Fish, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Meghna River
To cite this article
Md. Simul Bhuyan, Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aysha Akhtar, Md. Shafiqul Islam, Heavy Metals Status in Some Commercially Important Fishes of Meghna River Adjacent to Narsingdi District, Bangladesh: Health Risk Assessment, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2016, pp. 60-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20160402.17
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abdullah, M. R., Mohd Kamar, K. A., Mohd Nawi, M. N., Tarmizi Haron, A., and Arif, M. et al. (2009). “Industrialized building system: A definition and concept.” Proc. of ARCOM Conference 2009, Notingham, UK.
Abua Ikem and Nosa O. Egiebor, (2005). Assessment of trace elements in canned fishes (mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardines and herrings) marketed in Georgia and Alabama (United States of America), Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 18 (2005) 771–787.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, (2004). Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology, Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA, available at:
Ahmed, M. K., Baki, M. A., Islam, M. S., Kundu, G. K., Sarkar, S. K., Hossain, M. M. et al. (2015a). Human health risk assessment of heavy metals in tropical fish and shell fish collected from the river Buriganga, Bangladesh. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., http://
Ahmed, M. K., Shaheen, N., Islam, M. S., Al-Mamun, M. H., Islam, S., Banu, C. P. et al. (2015b). Trace elements in two staple cereals (rice and wheat) and associated health risk implications in Bangladesh. Environ. Monit. Assess. 187, 326–336.
Ahmed, M. K., Shaheen, N., Islam, M. S., Al-Mamun, M. H., Islam, S., Mohiduzzaman, M., Bhattacharjee, L. et al. (2015c). Dietary intake of trace elements from highly consumed cultured fish (Labeorohita, Pangasius pangasius and Oreochromis mossambicus) and human health risk implications in Bangladesh. Chemosphere 128, 284–292.
Akoto, O, Bismark Eshun, F, Darko, G. and Adei, E. et al. (2014). Concentrations and Health Risk Assessments of Heavy Metals in Fish from the Fosu Lagoon, Int. J. Environ. Res., 8(2):403-410, Spring 201
Akan, J. C., Abdul –Rahman, F. I., Sodipo, O. A. and Akandu, P. I. et al. (2009). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals of six fresh water fishes caught from Lake Chad in Doron Buhari, Borno State, Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. in Environ. Sanit, 4 (2), 103-114.
Akif, M., Khan, A. R., Sok, K., Min, K. S., Hussain, Z. and Maal-Abrar, M. et al. (2002). Textile effluents and their contribution towards aquatic pollution in the Kabul River (Pakistan). Journal of Chemical Society of Pakistan 24(2): 106-111.
Alhashemi AH, Sekhavatjou MS, Kiabi BH. et al. (2012). Bioaccumulation of trace elements in water, sediment, and six fish species from a freshwater wetland, Iran. Microchem J 104:1–6.
Alloway, B. J., Ayres, D. C. et al. (1997). Chemical Principles of Environmental Pollution. Second Edition. Blackie Academic & Professional, London SEI 8HN, UK.
Anawar HM, Akai J, Mostofa KM. et al. (2002). Arsenic poisoning in groundwater: Health risk and geochemical sources in Bangladesh. Environ Internat 27: 597–4.
Bai, J., Xiao, R., Cui, B., Zhang, K., Wang, Q., Liu, X., Gao, H., Huang, L. et al. (2011). Assessment of heavy metal pollution in wetland soils from the young and old reclaimed regions in the Pearl River Estuary, South China. Environ. Pollut. 159, 817–824.
Banerjee N, Nandy S, Kearns JK. et al. (2011). Polymorphisms in the TNF-α and IL10 gene promoters and risk of arsenic-induced skin lesions and other non-dermatological health effects. Toxicol Sci 121(1): 132–39
Begum, A., Amin, M. N., Kaneco, S. and Ohta, K. et al. (2005). Selected elemental composition of fish, Tilapia nilotica, Cirrhina mrigala and Clarius batrachus from the fresh water Dhanmondi Lake in Bangladesh. Food Chemistry, 93, 439–443.
Camusso, M., Vigano, L., Baitstrini, R. et al. (1995). Bioaccumulation of trace metals in rainbow trout. Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 31: 133–141.
Copat, C., Bella, F., Castaing, M., Fallico, R., Sciacca, S. and Ferrante, M. et al. (2012). Heavy Metals Concentrations in Fish from Sicily (Mediterranean Sea) and Evaluation of Possible Health Risks to Consumers. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 88, 78–83.
Commission of the European Communities, (2001). Commission Regulation (EC) No. 221/2002 of 6 February 2002 amending regulation (EC) No. 466/2002 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of the European Communities, Brussels, 6 February 2002.
Dreher T. (2003). Evaluation of graphical and multivariate methods for classification of water chemistry data, Hydrogeology Journal, 11, 605–606.
European Union, (2006). Setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006; OJ L 364, 20.12.2006, p. 5
European Union, (2002). Heavy Metals in Wastes, European Commission on Environment. Available at
Fang Y, Sun X, Yang W. et al. (2014). Concentrations and health risks of lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury in rice and edible mushrooms in China. Food Chem 147: 147–51.
FAO/WHO, (1989). Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury, lead and cadmium. WHO Technical Report, Series No. 505.
Fernandes, C., Fontaínhas-Fernandes, A., Cabral, D., Salgado, M. A. et al. (2008). Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Liza saliens from Esmoriz–Paramos lagoon, Portugal. Environ. Monit. Assess. 136: 267–275.
Forti E, Salovaara S, Cetin Y. et al. (2011). In vitro evaluation of the toxicity induced by nickel soluble and particulate forms in human airway epithelial cells. Toxicol in Vitro 25:454–61
Grigoratos, T., Samara, C., Voutsa, D., Manoli, E., Kouras, A. et al. (2014). Chemical composition and mass closure of ambient coarse particles at traffic and urban background sites in Thessaloniki, Greece. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 21, 7708–7722.
Gromysz-Kalkowska, K., Szubartowska, E. (1999). Aluminium - its ecological role and toxicity for animals. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 55(4), 229-223
G. Afthan; G. Cumont; H. P. Dypdahl; K. Gadd; G. N. Havre; K. Julshamn; K. Kåverud; B. Lind; J. Loimaranta; M. Merseburg; A. Olsson; S. Piepponen; B. Sundström; B.J. Uppstad; T. Waaler; L. Winnerstam. et al. (2000). Determination of Metals in Foods by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Dry Ashing: NMKL1 Collaborative Study. LARS JORHEM. National Food Administration, Chemistry Division 2, Box 622, S-751 26 Uppsala, Sweden. Collaborators: Journal of AOAC International Vol. 83, No. 5, 2000 1207.
Institute of Medicine, (2002). Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, The National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, p. 773.
Irwandi, J. and Farida, O. (2009). Mineral and heavy metal contents of marine fin fish in Langkawi Island, Malaysia, International Food Research Journal 16: 105-112 (2009).
Islam, M. S., Ahmed, M. K., Habibullah-Al-Mamun, M., Islam, K.N., Ibrahim, M., Masunaga, S. et al. (2014). Arsenic and lead in foods: a potential threat to human health in Bangladesh. Food Addit. Contam. Part A 31 (12), 1982–1992.
Islam, M. S., Ahmed, M. K., Habibullah-Al-Mamun, M., Hoque, M. F. et al. (2015a). Preliminary assessment of heavy metal contamination in surface sediments from a river in Bangladesh. Environ. Earth Sci. 73, 1837–1848.
Islam, M. S., Ahmed, M. K., Raknuzzaman, M., Habibullah-Al-Mamun, M., Masunaga, S. et al. (2015b). Metal speciation in sediment and their bioaccumulation in fish species of three urban rivers in Bangladesh. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 68, 92–106.
Islam, M. S., Ahmed, M. K., Raknuzzaman, M., Habibullah-Al-Mamun, M., Islam, M. K. et al. (2015c). Heavy metal pollution in surface water and sediment: a preliminary assessment of an urban river in a developing country. Ecol. Indic. 48, 282–291.
Ismaniza Ismail, Idaliza Mat Saleh, (2012). Analysis of heavy metals in water and fish (Tilapia sp.) samples from Tasik Mutlara, Puchong. The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol 16 No 3 (2012): 346-352.
Jaillon, L. and Poon, C. S. (2009). “The evolution of prefabricated residential building systems in hong kong: A review of the public and the private sector.” Automation in Construction, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 239-248.
Jordao, C. P., Pereira, M. G., Bellato, C. R., Pereira, J. L. and Matos, A. T. et al. (2002). Assessment of water systems for contaminants from domestic and industrial sewages. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 79(1): 75-100.
John Edward Cantle, (1982). Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Elsevier Scientific publishing Company, New York, 1982, pp -159-160.
Kamal J. Elnabris, Shareef K. Muzyed, Nizam M. El-Ashgar. et al. (2012). Heavy metal concentrations in some commercially important fishes and their contribution to heavy metals exposure in Palestinian people of Gaza Strip ( Palestine ), Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences(2013) 13, 44–51.
Khan, S., Cao, Q., Zheng, Y. M., Huang, Y. Z., Zhu, Y. G. et al. (2008). Health risks of heavy metals in contaminated soils and food crops irrigated with wastewater in Beijing, China. Environ. Pollut. 152, 686–692.
Martin, J. A. R., Arana, C. D., Ramos-Miras, J. J., Gil, C., Boluda, R. et al. (2015). Impact of 70 years urban growth associated with heavy metal pollution. Environ. Pollut. 196, 156–163.
McCluggage D. (1991). Heavy metal poisoning, NCS Magazine. The Bird Hospital, CO, USA. Available at
Md Saiful Islam, Md Kawser Ahmed & Md Habibullah-Al-Mamun. et al. (2014). Determination of Heavy Metals in Fish and Vegetables in Bangladesh and Health Implications, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2014.950172
Namminga, H. N., Wilhm, J. (1976). Effects of high discharge and an oil refinery cleanup operation bon heavy metals in water and sediments in Skeleton Creek. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science, 56: 133–138.
NAS-NRC, (1982). National, Drinking Water and Health, Academy of Sciences-National Research Council National Academic Press, Washington D.C.
Özmen, H., Külahçı, F., Çukurovalı, A., and Doğru, M. et al. (2004). Concentrations of heavy metal and radioactivity in surface water and sediment of Hazar Lake (Elazığ, Turkey). Chemosphere, 55: 401–408.
Öztürk, M., Özözen, G., Minareci, O., and Minareci, E. et al. (2008). Determination of heavy metals in of fishes, water and sediment from the Demirköprü Dam Lake (Turkey). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 2(3): 99–104.
Pan K and Wang WX. (2012). Trace metal contamination in estuarine and coastal environments in China. Sci Tot Environ 421: 3–16.
Papagiannis I, Kagaloub I, Leonardos J. et al. (2004). Copper and zinc in four freshwater fish species from Lake Pamvotis (Greece). Environ Internat 30: 357–62.
Pote, J., Haller, L., Loizeau, J. L., Bravo, A. G., Sastre, V., and Wildi, W. et al. (2008). Effects of a sewage treatment plant outlet pipe extension on the distribution of contaminants in the sediments of the Bay of Vidy, Lake Geneva, Switzerland. Bioresource Technol., 99: 7122–7131.
Poleo, A. B. S. (1995). Aluminium polymerization -- a mechanism of acute toxicity of aqueous aluminium to fish. Aquatic Toxicology 31(4), 347-356.
Praveena, S. M., Radojevic, M., Abdullah, M. H., Aris, A. Z. et al. (2008). Application of sediment quality guidelines in the assessment of mangrove surface sediment in Mengkabong lagoon, Sabah, Malaysia. Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 5 (1): 35–42.
Quddus, M. M. A., M. N., Sarker, A. K., Banerjee, et al. (1988). Studies of the Chondrichthyes Fauna (Sharks, Skates and Rays) of the Bay of Bengal. The Journal of NOAMI. Vol. 5, No. 1 & 2. Pp. 19-39.
Quddus, M. M. A. and Shafi, M. (1983). Bangapa sagarer Matsya Sampad (The Fisheries Resources of the Bay of Bengal). Kabir Publications, 38/3, Bangla Bazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 535 p.
Rahman MM, Asaduzzaman M, and Naidu R. et al. (2013). Consumption of arsenic and other elements from vegetables and drinking water from an arsenic-contaminated area of Bangladesh. J Hazard Mater 262:1056–63.
Rahman, A. K. A., Kabir, S. M. H., Ahmad, M., Ahmed, A. T. A., Ahmed, Z. U., Begum, Z. N. T., Hassan, M. A. and Khondker, M. et al. (2009). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 24. Marine Fishes. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. pp. 2-57.
Rashed, M. N. (2001). Monitoring of environmental heavy metals in fish from Nasser Lake. Environ. Int., 27: 27–33.
Rainbow, P. S., Amiard-Triquet, C., Amiard, J. C., Smith, B. D., Langston, W. J. et al. (2000). Observations on the interaction of zinc and cadmium uptake rates in crustaceans (amphipods and crabs) from coastal sites in UK and France differentially enriched with trace metals. Aquatic Toxicology 50, 189e204.
Reitz, B., Heydorn, K., Pritzl, G. et al. (1996). Determination of aluminium in fish tissues bymeans of INAA and ICP-MS. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry216 (1), 113-116.
Richard, R. B. (2005). “Industrialized building systems: Reproduction before automation and robotics.” Automation in Construction, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 442-451.
Roy, B. J., M. P. Dey, M. F. Alam and N. K. Singha, et al. (2007). Present Status of shark fishing in the marine water ofBangladesh.UNEP/CMS/MS/Inf/10.17p. Accessed 15 March, 2009.
Sanchez-Chardi, A., Lopez-Fuster, M. J., Nadal, J. et al. (2007). Bioaccumulation of lead, mercury, and cadmium in the greater white-toothed shrew, Crocidura russula, from the Ebro Delta (NE Spain): Sex- and age-dependent variation. Environ. Pollut. 145, 7–14.
Saha, N and Zaman, M. R. (2012). Evaluation of possible health risks of heavy metals by consumption of foodstuffs available in the central market of Rajshahi City, Bangladesh; Environ. Monit. Assess. 185, 38673878.
Sankar TV, Zynudheen AA, Anandan R. et al. (2006). Distribution of organochlorine pesticides and heavy metal residues in fish and shellfish from Calicut region, Kerala, India. Chemosphere 65: 583–90.
Sekabira, K., Oryem Origa, H., Basamba, T. A., Mutumba, G., Kakudidi, E. et al. (2010). Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the urban stream sediments and its tributaries. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 7 (4), 435–446.
Sharma RK, Agrawal M, and Marshall FM. et al. (2007). Heavy metals contamination of soil and vegetables in suburban areas of Varanasi, India. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 66: 258–66.
Shuhaimi-Othmana, M., Pascoe, D. (2007). Bioconcentration and depuration of copper, cadmium, and zinc mixtures by the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 66 (1), 29e35.
Sun, T. H., Zhou, Q. X., Li, P. J. et al. (2001). Pollution Ecology. Science Press, Beijing, China, pp. 160e194.
Staniskiene, B., Matusevicius, P., Budreckiene, R. and Skibniewska, K. A. et al. (2006). Distribution of Heavy Metals in Tissues of Freshwater Fish in Lithuania; Polish J. of Environ. Stud., 15, 585-591.
Tarra-Wahlberg, N. H., Flachierm A., Lane, S. N. and Sangfors, O. et al. (2001). Environmental impacts and metal exposure of aquatic ecosystems in rivers contaminated by small scale gold mining: The Puyango River Basin, Sourthen Ecuador. Science of the Total Environment 278 (1-3): 239-261.
Thanoon, W. A., Wah Peng, L., Abdul Kadir M. R., Jaafar, M. S., and Salit, M. S. et al. (2003). “The essential characteristics of industrialised building system.” Proc. of International Conference on Industrialized Building Systems, Kualalumpur, Malaysia, pp. 283-292.
Tuzen M. (2009). Toxic and essential trace elemental contents in fish species from the Black Sea, Turkey. Food Chem Toxicol 47, 1785–90.
USFDA, (1993). United States Food and drug administration, Guidance document for chromium in shellfish. DHHS/PHS/FDA/CFSAN/Office of seafood, Washington D. C.
Vieira C, Morais S, Ramos S. et al. (2011). Mercury, cadmium, lead and arsenic levels in three pelagic fish species from the Atlantic Ocean: Intra- and inter-specific variability and human health risks for consumption. Food Chem Toxicol 49(4): 923–32.
Weng, L., Temminghoff, E. J. M., Van Riemsdijk, W. et al. (2002). Aluminium speciation innatural waters: measurement using Donnan membrane technique and modellingusing NICA-Donnan. Water Research 36(17), 4215-4226.
Wilson, B., Pyatt, F.B. (2007). Heavy metal dispersion persistence, and bioaccumulation around an ancient copper mine situated in Anglesey, UK. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 66, 224–231.
WHO (World Health Organization), (1995). Lead. Geneva: Environmental Health Criteria, Geneva, Switzerland.
WHO (World Health Organisation), (1972). Evaluation of certain food additives and the contaminants mercury, lead, cadmium. 16 th Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Technical Report Series 505, Geneva.
WHO (World Health Organisation), (1987). Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. 33rd Report of the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO Technical Report Series 776, Geneva, 80 pp.
Yi, Y., Yang, Z., Zhang, S. et al. (2011). Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in sediment and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in fishes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river basin. Environ. Pollut. 159, 2575–2585.
Zhang, C., Qiao, Q., Piper, J. D. A., Huang, B. et al. (2011). Assessment of heavy metal pollution from a Fe-smelting plant in urban river sediments using environmental magnetic and geochemical methods. Environ. Pollut. 159, 3057–3070.
Zhou, Q. X., Kong, F. X., Zhu, L. et al. (2004). Ecotoxicology: Principles and Methods. Science Press, Beijing, pp. 161-217.
Zhou, Q. X. (1995). Ecology of Combined Pollution. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, pp. 1-29.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186