Microbiological Quality and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Isolates from Fish and Poultry Feeds
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 402-407
Received: Nov. 25, 2015; Accepted: Dec. 15, 2015; Published: Jan. 4, 2016
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Authors
Ifeanyi O. C. Obiajuru, Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Imo State University, Orlu Campus, Imo State, Nigeria
Chidinma A. Ikpeama, Department of Animal & Environmental Biology, Faculty of Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
Immaculata O. Uduchi, Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital, Orlu Imo State, Nigeria
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Abstract
The microbiological quality and antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates from fish and poultry feeds used in Imo State, South Eastern Nigeria was studied between January and July, 2015. A total of 13 different feeds comprising 3 fish feeds and 10 poultry feeds were collected from different marketers Imo State and examined bacteriologically by culture technique. Seven genera of bacteria: Staphylococcus species, Bacillus species, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria species, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella species, as well as 2 genera of fungi: Aspergillus species and Penicillinum species were isolated from the feeds. Statistical analysis of the data showed significant difference (p < 0.05) in the bacteriological and mycological quality between local and industrial processed feeds. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the bacteriological and mycological quality between fish and poultry feeds. Antibiotic susceptibility test revealed that Ciprofloxacin exhibited the highest antibacterial effects (grow inhibition) on most of the bacterial isolates than other antibiotics used. This study has revealed that fish and poultry feeds are potential sources of microbial infections for fish and poultry as well as human handlers and consumers of fish and poultry products in Imo State. The Government and public health operators in the State should educate the population on protective measures and also carry out routine supervision and regulation of production and use of these products.
Keywords
Microbiological Quality, Antibiogram Bacteria Fish, Poultry Feeds
To cite this article
Ifeanyi O. C. Obiajuru, Chidinma A. Ikpeama, Immaculata O. Uduchi, Microbiological Quality and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Isolates from Fish and Poultry Feeds, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 402-407. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150306.14
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Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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