Morphology of the Zoeae Larvae of Brachyura (Crustacea, Decapoda) in Veracruz, Southwestern Gulf of Mexico
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 5, October 2013, Pages: 238-242
Received: Oct. 24, 2013; Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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Authors
Sergio Cházaro-Olvera, Laboratorio de Crustáceos, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. de los Barrios Numero 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, México
Ignacio Winfield Aguilar, Laboratorio de Crustáceos, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. de los Barrios Numero 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, México
Manuel Ortiz Touzet, Laboratorio de Crustáceos, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. de los Barrios Numero 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, México
Horacio Vázquez-López, Laboratorio de Crustáceos, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. de los Barrios Numero 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, México
Guillermo Javier Horta-Puga, UBIPRO, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Av. de los Barrios Numero 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, 54090 Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, México
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Abstract
Larval zoeae of Brachyura were collected from five coastal systems located in the State of Veracruz, southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Some morphological differences among the zoeae families have been determined. Morphological analysis consisted of the following determinations: presence of rostral spines, dorsal and lateral, on the carapace; number of setae of the exopod, endopod, and protopod of the antenna; number of processes; shape and size of the somites of the abdomen; and the presence and number of spines on the furcae and inner margin of thetelson. A total of 92839 zoeae of Brachyura were obtained, and 14 families were identified: Aethridae, Calappidae, Portunidae, Menippidae, Panopeidae, Gecarcinidae, Grapsidae, Sesarmidae, Varunidae, Inachidae, Epialtidae, Pinnotheridae, Ocypodidae, and Ucididae. Morphological differences between these families include: Epialtidae and Inachidae lack lateral spines; Pinnotheridae lacks spines on one side of the carapace,and there may be a wing shape on the fifth abdominal somite; the exopod of the antenna is short in Grapsidae and well-developed in Ucididae; the fourth abdominal somite is significantly expanded in Ocypodidae; the family Gecarcinidae lacks spines on the furcae; Portunidae, Calappidae, and Aethridae have two or three spines on the furcae, but differ in the size of the exopod of the antenna relative to the size of the rostrum; and Sesarmidae and Varunidae differ in the lateral spines on the carapace. A key for identification of the zoeae to the family level is presented.This is the first key for Brachyura zoeae from the southwestern Gulf of Mexico.
Keywords
Crustacea, Brachyura, Zoeae, Key Identification, Gulf of Mexico
To cite this article
Sergio Cházaro-Olvera, Ignacio Winfield Aguilar, Manuel Ortiz Touzet, Horacio Vázquez-López, Guillermo Javier Horta-Puga, Morphology of the Zoeae Larvae of Brachyura (Crustacea, Decapoda) in Veracruz, Southwestern Gulf of Mexico, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 5, 2013, pp. 238-242. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20130105.16
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