An Overview on Spinning Mechanism, Yarn Structure and Advantageous Characteristics of Vortex Spun Yarn and Fabric
Advances in Applied Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2018, Pages: 58-64
Received: Aug. 14, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 30, 2018; Published: Nov. 26, 2018
Views 229      Downloads 53
Hosne Ara Begum, Department of Yarn Engineering, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Khalilur Rahman Khan, Department of Textile Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Merajur Rahman, Department of Textile Engineering, Bangladesh University of Business and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Spinning systems based on mechanical twisting device have their limitations in terms of technical feasibility and economic viability. Making effort on yarn formation with the swirling air concept arouse of interest of the researchers for a long time. Air jet spinning had offered this opportunity for yarn manufacturers to produce yarn at relatively high production rate. Vortex spinning technology is a modified form of air-jet spinning which has attracted a lot of attention because of its advantages over ring spinning, open end and air-jet spinning in terms of production rate and yarn quality parameters. In this study, with stating some historical background, the mechanism of vortex spinning, structure and characteristics of vortex spun yarn have been overviewed. The body of vortex yarn is mainly constituted with twistless and parallel core fiber held together by helical surface wrapper fibers. All designated fiber types are found in vortex yarn such as wild fibers, belly band fibers, parallel and helical fibers. In case of quality consideration, air-vortex yarn has higher values of tenacity compared to the rotor yarn & air-jet yarn. This yarn has also improved characteristics compared to the ring and rotor yarns in terms of hairiness, evenness and bending rigidity. On the other hand, the advantageous properties of fabric produced from vortex yarn such as pilling resistance, delicate printing capability, comfort characteristics etc. have been discussed. Finally, advantages obtained in some post spinning processes such as sizing, better loom shedding, drying of fabric after dyeing etc have also been mentioned in this paper.
Vortex Spinning, Vortex Yarn Structure, Yarn Characteristics, Fabric Properties
To cite this article
Hosne Ara Begum, Md. Khalilur Rahman Khan, Md. Merajur Rahman, An Overview on Spinning Mechanism, Yarn Structure and Advantageous Characteristics of Vortex Spun Yarn and Fabric, Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2018, pp. 58-64. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20180305.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. M. Bergada, E. Valencia, Li. Coll (2007), Flow Characterization in Cylinders for Pneumatic Spinning, Textile Research Journal, Volume: 77 issue: 2, page(s): 67-76
Hyun Ah Kim, (2017)Physical properties of ring, compact, and air vortex yarns made of PTT/wool/modal and wearing comfort of their knitted fabrics for high emotional garments, The Journal of The Textile Institute,
Nazan Erdumlu1, Bulent Ozipek, A. Selda Oztuna and Seda Cetinkaya, Investigation of Vortex Spun Yarn Properties in Comparison with Conventional Ring and Open-end Rotor Spun Yarns, Textile Research Journal Vol 79(7): 585–595 DOI: 10.1177/0040517508093590
Mohamed Eldessouki, Sayed Ibrahim, Ramsis Farag, Dynamic properties of air-jet yarns compared to rotor spinning, Textile Research Journal, Volume: 85 issue: 17, page(s): 1827-1837
Eva Moučková1, Iva Mertová, PROPERTIES OF VISCOSE VORTEX YARNS DEPENDING ON TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF SPINNING, AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 15, No 2, June 2015, DOI: 10.2478/aut-2014-0046 © AUTEX
Nazan Erdumlu, Canan Saricam, Wicking and drying properties of conventional ring- and vortex-spun cotton yarns and fabrics, The Journal of The Textile Institute, 2013 Vol. 104, No. 12, 1284–1291,
Nazan Erdumlu, Bulent Ozipek and William Oxenham, Vortex spinning technology, Textile Progress, 44:3-4, 141-174.
Fiow, Zeguang Pei, Designing the Spindle Parameters of Vortex Spinning by Modeiing tiie Fiber/Air Two-Pbase Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, June 2014, Vol. 136. DOI: 10.1115/1.4026445.
Guldemet Basal and William Oxenham, VORTEX SPUN YARN VS. AIR-JET SPUN YARN, AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 3, No3, September 2003 © AUTEX
N Erdumlu, W Oxenham and B Ozipek, The impact of combing and processing parameters on the structure and properties of fine count vortex yarns, Textile Research Journal 83(4) 396–405, DOI: 10.1177/0040517512464296
G K Tyagi, Influence of Processing Variables on Yarn Structural Parameters, Indian J. Fibre & Textile Res, Vol-29, December 2004, pp 419-428
Reeti Pal Singh and V K Kothari, Progress in non-conventional yarn manufacturing systems, Indian textile journal.
Nazan Erdumlu, Bulent Ozipek and William Oxenham, The structure and properties of carded cotton vortex yarns, Textile Research Journal 82(7) 708–718, DOI: 10.1177/0040517511433150
Huseyin Gazi Ortlek and Levent Onal, Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Knitted Fabrics Made of Vortex-Spun Viscose Yarns, Fibers and Polymers 2008, Vol.9, No.2, 194-199
Rameshkumar, Anandkumar et al, COMPARITIVE STUDIES ON RING ROTOR AND VORTEX YARN KNITTED FABRICS, AUTEX Research Journal, Vol. 8, No4, December 2008 © AUTEX
Aung Kyaw Soe, Masaoki Takahashi & Masaru Nakajima, Structure and Properties of MVS Yarns in Comparison with Ring Yarns and Open-End Rotor Spun Yarns, Textile Research Journal, 74(9), 819-826 (2004).
Tyagi G. K., Sharma D. Performance and low-stress characteristics of polyester-cotton MVS yarns. Indian Journal of Fiber & Textile Research. 2004; 29(September):301–307.
G. Thilagavathi, N. Muthukumar, V. Kiran Kumar, Sanjay Sadasivam, Physical and Thermal Comfort Properties of Viscose Fabrics made from Vortex and Ring Spun Yarns, Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series E, June 2017, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 65–70.
Dinesh Bhatia and S. K. Sinha, Comparative assessment & empirical modeling for aesthetic behavior of vortex & ring yarn knitted fabrics on laundering, International Journal of Fiber and Textile Research 2014; 4(4): 62-70
Tyagi G. K., Sharma D. Thermal comfort characteristics of polyester-cotton MVS yarns fabrics. Indian Journal of Fiber & Textile Research. 2005; 30:363–370.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186