Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Sludge and Water contaminated by Oil Spillage in Some Coastal Communities of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Advances in Applied Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 64-68
Received: Oct. 4, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 2, 2016; Published: Sep. 26, 2017
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Authors
Mercy Uwem Useh, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Kwali, Abuja, Nigeria
Pius Ikokoh, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Kwali, Abuja, Nigeria
Mary Sunday Dauda, Chemistry Department, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Ogechukwu Philomena Onwuazor, Biotechnology Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Kwali, Abuja, Nigeria
Danlami Uzama, Chemistry Advanced Research Centre, Sheda Science and Technology Complex, Kwali, Abuja, Nigeria
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Abstract
Crude oil contaminated sludge and water samples from four coastal communities (Ibeno, Onna, EsitEket and Eket) in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria were analyzed to investigate the bacterial load and physicochemical parameters using standard pour plate method and standard analytical methods respectively. The pH values of both (sludge and water) samples as determined ranged from 5.14 – 5.22 and 4.23 – 6.15 respectively which indicated that the samples are acidic in nature. Other physicochemical parameters determined were: temperature, electrical conductivity, moisture content, organic matter, total alkalinity, TDS, TSS, total hardness, DO, BOD, sulphate, chloride, oil and grease. The bacteriological analysis of the water and sludge samples showed mean total bacterial count of 3.57x104 and 1.77x103 cfu/ml respectively. The mean coliform counts of water and sludge samples were 1.5x102 and 8.4x101 cfu/100ml respectively. The result of these analyses showed that most of these parameters did not meet the WHO recommended standards. Hence, the environment should beremediated with immediate effect to avoid further disaster.
Keywords
Crude Oil, Akwa Ibom, Bacteriological Analysis, Water, Sludge, Physicochemical Parameters
To cite this article
Mercy Uwem Useh, Pius Ikokoh, Mary Sunday Dauda, Ogechukwu Philomena Onwuazor, Danlami Uzama, Physicochemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Sludge and Water contaminated by Oil Spillage in Some Coastal Communities of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2017, pp. 64-68. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20170205.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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