Investigation of Phytochemical and Proximate Components in Different Parts of Boerhavia diffusa L. and B. erecta L.
Advances in Applied Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 60-63
Received: Mar. 21, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 29, 2017; Published: Sep. 18, 2017
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Authors
Chinelo Anthonia Ezeabara, Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Ujunwa Collete Nwiyi, Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
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Abstract
The phytochemical and proximate constituents of leaves, stem and root of Boerhavia diffusa L. and B. erecta L. were examined in order to determine the biochemical compositions of the two species of Boerhavia. The significant difference was established at p<0.05. The greatest level of anthraquinone and hydrogen cyanide were found in the leaves of B. diffusa and there were no significant differences in the amounts found in the root. Leaves and stem of B. diffusa had the greater values of tannin, saponin, phenol and terpenoid in comparison to B. erecta, while higher concentrations of alkaloid were detected in the leaves and stem of B. erecta. Considerable great percentages of crude protein were present in the leaves of B. diffusa and B. erecta, being 16.41±0.04 and 15.89±0.03 respectively. The various parts of B. diffusa and B. erecta could be regarded as good sources of bioactive compounds for drug formulations.
Keywords
Biochemicals, Tannin, Saponin, Phenol, Terpenoid, Alkaloid, Anthraquinone, Hydrogen Cyanide
To cite this article
Chinelo Anthonia Ezeabara, Ujunwa Collete Nwiyi, Investigation of Phytochemical and Proximate Components in Different Parts of Boerhavia diffusa L. and B. erecta L., Advances in Applied Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2017, pp. 60-63. doi: 10.11648/j.aas.20170205.11
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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