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Numerical Simulation of Centrifugal Pump and Effect of Impeller Geometry on Its Performance
Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 21-29
Received: Apr. 2, 2019; Accepted: May 15, 2019; Published: Jun. 4, 2019
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Mohamed Hassan Gobran, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Mostafa Mohamed Ibrahim, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Ramy Elsayed Shaltout, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Mahmoud Ahmed Shalaby, Jushi Egypt for Fiberglass Industry S.A.E, Port Said, Egypt
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In the presented paper, the effect of impeller geometric parameters on the performance of centrifugal pump has been investigated. This study was performed for different flow rates and rotational speeds, allowing to obtain the performance curve for the centrifugal pump. Three dimensional computational fluid dynamic simulation of the impeller and volute for a centrifugal pump has been performed using ANSYS CFX software (a high-performance computational fluid dynamics software tool that delivers reliable and accurate solutions). The pump has an outside impeller diameter of 205 mm, impeller outlet width of 16 mm, rotational speed 1450 rpm, seven impeller blade and a specific speed of 28. By increasing the impeller outer diameter and outlet width, both net head and power consumed are increased. In addition, it was noticed that the best efficiency point (BEP) was achieved at volume flow rate higher than design flow rate. The performed simulations indicated that; by changing the impeller outer diameter from 200 mm to 210 mm, the flow rate of BEP increases about by 14.7%. By changing the impeller outlet width from 14 mm to 18 mm, the flow rate of BEP increased by about 9%, and the efficiency of BEP reduced by approximately 0.5%. It was also noticed that, increasing the rotational speed will cause an increase in the net head and consumed power. An increase of 13.8% for the flow rate of BEP was observed when changing the rotational speed from 1400 rpm to 1500 rpm, with the same BEP.
Centrifugal Pump, Impeller Diameter, Rotational Speed, Impeller Width
To cite this article
Mohamed Hassan Gobran, Mostafa Mohamed Ibrahim, Ramy Elsayed Shaltout, Mahmoud Ahmed Shalaby, Numerical Simulation of Centrifugal Pump and Effect of Impeller Geometry on Its Performance, Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2019, pp. 21-29. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20190402.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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